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IELTS Vocab - Topic: History (Historical events & Historical Figures)

Tags:      04-10-2018

VII. HISTORY

Cũng giống như “Invention”, “History” có thể là một cơn ác mộng với các chiến binh IELTS. Nhưng IELTS Fighter tin rằng với “Historical events” và “Historical figures” thì chủ đề này sẽ không làm khó các bạn nữa đâu. Với các sự kiện và nhân vật lịch sử thì có thể 2 subtopics này đã bao gồm gần như toàn bộ những câu hỏi chủ yếu mà giám khảo có xu hướng ra đề trong chủ đề này. Mặc dù đây là một chủ đề khó nhưng đã có bộ từ vựng của IELTS Fighter ở đây thì còn chần chừ gì nữa mà không học ngay thôi các bạn ơi!

 

1. HISTORICAL EVENTS (Sự kiện lịch sử)

Part 1

Do you like to learn about history? (Bạn có thích học lịch sử không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Wow, I am into reading history, not only of our country, Vietnam but also other countries in the world. (Reason) History is not only a subject to me, it is also a source of invaluable information about our origin as well as the victorious past of our ancestors.

Origin (n)

Cội nguồn

Victorious past (n)

Quá khứ hào hùng

Ancestors (n)

Tổ tiên

 

Part 2

Describe a historical event that you like the most. (Mô tả mọt sự kiện lịch sử mà bạn thích nhất)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Honestly speaking, everytime I am asked about history, I am always eager to talk about Vietnam war, which ends in 1975 and one of the historical highlights of our country. Vietnam undergone hundreds of years under the colonization of foreign invaders and this is the last war before a new era of peace and independence is opened for us.

(Reason) It is an unforgettable period of history for some reasons. Firstly, it is the courageous fighting spirit of Vietnamese people. (Example) Our country was divided into Nothern part and Southern part. Communication was almost impossible at that time and people across the country were living in poverty and destitute conditions. However, our soldiers still fought bravely with the support from ordinary people.

(Reason) Secondly, this is remarkable because hardly anyone could think that we could win the war.  (Example) When compared to such a well-armed country like America, it was hard to think that we could defeat them. However, with the determination of the whole nation, we have our own peace. April 30th, 1975 was the date that we gained independence from the invaders and from then on, we have held annual celebration to pay tribute to those who sacrificed for the country. I hope that Vietnamese people will never forget this important event of the nation.

Historical highlights (n)

Sự kiện lịch sử nổi bật

Colonization (n)

Sự thuộc địa hóa

Foreign invaders (n)

Giặc ngoại xâm

Independence (n)

Độc lập

Period of history (n)

Giai đoạn lịch sử

Well-armed (adj)

Trang bị vũ khí tối tân

Defeat (n)

Đánh bại

Pay tribute to (Sb) (v)

Tưởng nhớ

Sacrificed (v)

Hy sinh

 

Part 3

What can we learn from the events in history? (Chúng ta học được gì từ các sự kiện lịch sử?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) I think we can have many lessons from historical events. (Example) For example, if we read about the Great Depression in America from 1929 to1933, we can know more about the economy and crisis in certain periods. In other cases, if we study war, there will be knowledge related to domination or weapons. However, above all, the most important lesson is that each historical event is either a mistake or a pride, we should look at them carefully to improve our strengths, to maintain the pride and not to let the mistakes occur again.

Domination (n)

Sự đô hộ

 

ð  Check-up zone

Match each word with its suitable meaning.

  1. Sự thuộc địa hóa a. Victorious past
  2. Tổ tiên b. Foreign invaders
  3. Sự đô hộ c. Independence
  4. Qúa khứ hào hùng d. Well-armed
  5. Trang bị vũ khí tối tân e. Historical highlight
  6. Giai đoạn lịch sử f. Defeat
  7. Tưởng nhớ g. Origin
  8. Đánh bại h. Period of history
  9. Sự kiện lịch sử nổi bật i. Colonization
  10. Hy sinh k. Pay tribute to
  11. Giặc ngoại xâm l. Sacrifice
  12. Cội nguồn m. Domination
  13. Độc lập n. Ancestors

 


 

  • NOTICE

Glossary Box

Origin (n)

Cội nguồn

Victorious past (n)

Quá khứ hào hùng

Ancestors (n)

Tổ tiên

Historical highlight (n)

Sự kiện lịch sử nổi bật

Colonization (n)

Sự thuộc địa hóa

Foreign invaders (n)

Giặc ngoại xâm

Independence (n)

Độc lập

Period of history (n)

Giai đoạn lịch sử

Well-armed (adj)

Trang bị vũ khí tối tân

Defeat (n)

Đánh bại

Pay tribute to (Sb) (v)

Tưởng nhớ

Sacrifice  (v)

Hy sinh

Domination (n)

Sự đô hộ

 

2. HISTORICAL FIGURES (Nhân vật lịch sử)

Part 1

How did you learn history when you were young? (Bạn học lịch sử như thế nào khi còn nhỏ?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Actually, when I was a child, I only learnt history through a text book but at that time I was not so interested in it because there were so many things that I had to remember. (Example) Then my grandfather took me to a bookstore to buy books in history and I have developed an interest in historical figures such as King Le Loi or Heroine Vo Thi Sau.

Historical figures (n)

Các nhân vật lịch sử

Heroine (n)

Nữ anh hùng

 

Part 2

Describe a historical figure that you find the most impressive. (Mô tả một nhân vật lịch sử bạn tháy ấn tượng nhất)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) If someone asks me about one historical figure that I like the most, it will definitely be President Ho Chi Minh. I am sure that President Ho is admired and loved not only by Vietnamese people but also residents in other countries around the world. He is a prominent leader and he led many resistances that defeated foreign invaders to bring peace and protect national sovereignty. (Reason) President Ho is well known for leading a simple life and spending all his life fighting for the happniess of Vietnamese people and the independence of the nation. (Example) He was born into an impoverished but intellectual family in Nghe An province so he could understand the misery and poverty that were caused by war to Vietnamese people. Therefore, at a very young age of early twenty, he decided to go to some foreign countries to find a way to save the country. He went through a lot of ups and downs but with his decisiveness and patriotism, he came back to Vietnam with innovative ideas to improve the policies as well as eliminate invaders.

President Ho had achieved a lot in his life of doing politics; however, he never thought for himself only, he helped other people till the end of his life. Now there are many memorials of President Ho in different countries for people to honor one of the greatest men in the world’s history.

Prominent leader (n)

Lãnh tụ kiệt xuất

Resistances (n)

Kháng chiến

Foreign invaders (n)

Giặc ngoại xâm

Sovereignty (n)

Chủ quyền

Misery (n)

Nỗi khổ

Ups and downs (n)

Thăng trầm

Decisiveness (n)

Kiên định

Patriotism (n)

Lòng yêu nước

Policies (n)

Chính sách

Eliminate invaders (v)

Đánh đuổi giặc ngoại xâm

Memorials (n)

Đài tưởng niệm

Honor (v)

Tôn vinh

 


 Part 3

Do you think historical museums should be opened for free? (Bạn có nghĩ rằng các bảo tàng lịch sử nên mở cửa miễn phí không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Well, it is of great importance for people, especially young people to learn history of their own country. Historical museums, where valuable traditions are preserved and these are ideal places for people to cherish the past. (Reason) I think it’s better to reduce the entrance fee to historical museums because they need a certain amount of money to be operated. (Example) Local officers should have special offers for those when they come to museums as a way of encouraging people to learn history. In addition, it is a good idea that more historical shows TV are produced to make history an important part in people’s life.

Valuable traditions (n)

Truyền thống quý báu

Preserved (v)

Lưu giữ

 

ð  Check-up zone

Write the advanced words for these following words.

  1. A good and talented leader: ………………………………………………………………
  2. Hard things in life: ……………………………………………………...………………….
  3. To make invaders go out of one country: ……………………………...…………………..
  4. Invaders from other countries: ………………………………………….. ………………...
  5. The feeling of loving and respecting one’s country: ……………………… ………………
  6. A female hero: ……………………………………………………………………………..
  7. Important people of the past: ……………………………………………….. ……………..
  8. The land, air and ocean that belong to one country: ……………………………… ……….
  9. All the good and bad things in life that one has to experience: …………………………….
  10. The determination to do something: …………………………………….. ……………….
  11. War against invaders: …………………………………………. ………………………….
  12. A system of plans that is agreed by a group of people (often leaders from one country or organization): ………………………………………….
  13. To show the great respect to someone for his/her contribution: …………………………....

   14.To keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed: ……………………………………………

   15. An object often large and made of stone that has been built to honor a person or event: ……………………….

  1. Valuable customs or practices: ……………………………………….. ……………………

 

  • NOTICE

Glossary Box

Historical figures (n)

Nhân vật lịch sử

Heroine (n)

Nữ anh hùng

Prominent leader (n)

Lãnh tụ kiệt xuất

Resistance  (n)

Kháng chiến

Foreign invaders (n)

Giặc ngoại xâm

Sovereignty (n)

Chủ quyền

Misery (n)

Nỗi khổ

Ups and downs (n)

Thăng trầm

Decisiveness (n)

Kiên định

Patriotism (n)

Lòng yêu nước

Policy (n)

Chính sách

Eliminate invaders (v)

Đánh đuổi giặc ngoại xâm

Memorial (n)

Đài tưởng niệm

Honor (v)

Tôn vinh

Valuable tradition (n)

Truyền thống quý báu

Preserve  (v)

Lưu giữ

 

 

 

 

[1] “To keep something as it is, especially in order to prevent it from decaying or being damaged or destroyed”: Tham khảo định nghĩa trong từ điển Online Cambridge.

[2] “An object often large and made of stone that has been built to honor a person or event”: Tham khảo định nghĩa trong từ điển Online Cambridge.

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