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IELTS Vocab - Topic: Lifestyle (Heath& Art)

Tags:      04-10-2018

XIV. LIFESTYLE

“Phong cách sống” – “Lifestyle” là một chủ đề khá rộng vì nó có thể sẽ chạm đến những vấn đề như bảo vệ sức khỏe, sinh hoạt hàng ngày hoặc mỹ thuật. Có thể chủ đề này sẽ gây khó khăn cho các bạn khi học từ vựng nên IELTS Fighter đã chia chủ đề này thành  hai chủ đề nhỏ hay gặp nhất là “Health” (Sức khoẻ) và “Art” (Nghệ thuật). Hãy cùng IELTS Fighter theo dõi xem có những từ vựng hay ho nào trong “Lifestyle” nhé!

 

1. HEALTH (Sức khỏe)

Part 1

What do you do to stay healthy? (Bạn làm gì để sống khỏe mạnh?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Well, I try to stay away from junk food, and I hit the gym on the daily basis. (Reason) Doing excercises regularly does wonders for not only my physical but also mental health and it really helps me to unwind after work.

Junk food (n)

Đồ ăn nhanh

Hit the gym (v)

Đi tập gym

Does wonders (for (Sb/St)) (v)

Tốt (cho ai/cái gì)

 

Unwind (v)

Xả hơi (= Relax)

 

Part 2

Describe an activity that makes you feel healthy. (Mô tả một hoạt động làm cho bạn cảm thấy khỏe mạnh)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Nowadays, people tend to be more health-concious and I am no exception. In order to keep fit, I have joined a rumba class – a type of dance, which is held three times a week in a gym near my house.

Unlike the boring time running on the treadmill, I find that dancing is more intriguing. (Reason) It helps me speed up my metabolism by burning much more calories in just an hour of intensive training. In addition, dancing builds up my flexibility as it makes many parts of my body move, such as my arms, shoulders, abs and legs. (Example) By sticking to a schedule of dancing on a regular basis and a balanced diet as suggested by my private trainer, I have managed to keep a lean body. Thanks to this, I can reduce the risk of getting chronic diseases, such as diabetes or the ones related  to our bones.

(Reason) Besides, dancing is really good for my mental health because it helps me ease the tension after a stressful day at work. (Example) You know, I can step into the class wearing comfort clothes, dancing along while listening to great music and the most important thing is that I can forget about the deadlines or competition. All in all, I think this kind of dance is a good remedy for both my physical as well as mental health.

Health-concious (adj)

Quan tâm đến sức khỏe

Treadmill (n)

Máy chạy bộ

Speed up my metabolism (v)

Tăng cường trao đổi chất

Intensive training (n)

Luyện tập cao độ

Balanced diet (n)

Chế độ ăn cân bằng

Lean body (n)

Cơ thể mảnh mai nhưng khỏe mạnh

Chronic diseases (n)

Bệnh mãn tính

Diabetes (n)

Bệnh tiểu đường

Remedy (n)

Phương thuốc

 

 

 

Part 3

What could be done to promote a healthy lifestyle? (Điều gì có thể thực hiện để khuyến khích lối sống khỏe mạnh?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) I think there are several feasible methods that could be adopted to lead a healthy life. (Example) The government should implement strict rules on products or activities that affect people’s health, for example smoking in public places. (Example) Another possible method is that more programs about healthy eating or taking up a sport should be produced and  disseminated on social media such as TV or Facebook so that people can be more aware of the importance of healthy living.  

Feasible methods (n)

Phương pháp khả thi

Implement strict rules (v)

Ban hành luật nghiêm khắc

Disseminated (v)

Tuyên truyền

 

ð  Check-up zone

Write the English words next to the suitable Vietnamese meanings.

1. Xả hơi

=>

9. Tăng cường trao đổi chất

=>

2. Tuyên truyền

=>

10. Máy chạy bộ

=>

3. Bệnh mãn tính

=>

11. Bệnh tiểu đường

=>

4. Luyện tập cao độ

=>

12. Phương thuốc

=>

5. Cơ thể mảnh mai nhưng khỏe mạnh

=>

13. Đi tập gym

=>

6. Quan tâm đến sức khỏe

=>

14. Phương pháp khả thi

=>

7. Ban hành luật nghiêm khắc

=>

15. Đồ ăn nhanh

=>

8. Chế độ ăn cân bằng

=>

16. Tốt (cho ai/cái gì)

=>

 

  • NOTICE

Glossary box

Junk food (n)

Đồ ăn nhanh

Hit the gym (v)

Đi tập gym

Do wonders (for (Sb/St)) (v)

Tốt (cho ai/cái gì)

 

Unwind (v)

Xả hơi (= Relax)

Health-concious (adj)

Quan tâm đến sức khỏe

Treadmill (n)

Máy chạy bộ

Speed up my metabolism (v)

Tăng cường trao đổi chất

Intensive training (n)

Luyện tập cao độ

Balanced diet (n)

Chế độ ăn cân bằng

Lean body (n)

Cơ thể mảnh mai nhưng khỏe mạnh

Chronic disease (n)

Bệnh mãn tính

Diabetes (n)

Bệnh tiểu đường

Remedy (n)

Phương thuốc

Feasible methods (n)

Phương pháp khả thi

Implement strict rules (v)s

Ban hành luật nghiêm khắc

Disseminate (v)

Tuyên truyền

 


 2. ART (Nghệ thuật)

Part 1

Do you like art? (Bạn có thích nghệ thuật không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Wow, fine art has been my lifelong passion ever since I was a student in primary school. (Example) I love to go to some museums at the weekend with my boyfriend to admire famous abstract paintings or sculptures of well-known artists all over the world.

Fine art (n)

Nghệ thuật nói chung

Abstract (adj)

Trừu tượng

 

Sculpture (n)

Điêu khắc

 

Part 2

Describe a piece of art that you like. (Mô tả một tác phẩm nghệ thuật mà bạn yêu thích)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) To talk about my favorite piece of artwork, I would like to pick “The lily girl” by To Ngoc Van, one of the most eminent painters of Vietnam.

(Reason) The painting is my favorite artwork as it has excellent artistic value and everytime I see it, I have a great feeling of satisfaction.  (Example) It is an oil painting of a young woman dressed in a white Ao Dai sitting next to a vase of white lilies. It was created in the early 20th century and it is considered one of the most classic artworks in the Vietnamese history of art. Fortunately, I had a chance to admire the original painting in the National Gallery. The masterpiece portrays a young woman in Ao Dai, tilting her head towards the lilies. The dominant color of the picture is white but it isn’t boring at all. The alignment of light and different shades of white mix and bring a little sadness to the picture.

(Example) Beside depicting the beauty of women wearing the traditional Ao Dai, this picture also describes the elegant pursuit of old Hanoians, which is displaying lilies. In conclusion, this painting is a great artwork which needs to be preserved and it may be a good idea that youngsters now have the chance to admire classic pieces of artwork like this.

Piece of artwork (n)

Tác phẩm nghệ thuật

Eminent painters (n)

Họa sĩ tài năng

Oil painting (n)

Tranh sơn dầu

Classic (adj)

Kinh điển

Admire (v)

Chiêm ngưỡng

Alignment (n)

Bố cục

Depicting (v)

Mô tả

Elegant pursuit (n)

Thú vui tao nhã

 

 

 

Part 3

Should children be encouraged to learn art? (Trẻ em có nên được khuyến khích học mỹ thuật hay không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer + Reason) Well I suppose that studying art is an excellent way to help children promote their creativity.

(Example) Literally, children observe and perceive the world around them in a different way. Each child’s opinion is unique and we can see this most clearly if we ask them to draw a certain thing. Maybe their innate talents will soon reveal and if we encourage them to think outside the box, they can have further development.

Creativity (n)

Sự sáng tạo

Innate talents (n)

Tài năng thiên bẩm

Think outside the box (v)

Suy nghĩ thoáng, vượt ra ngoài quy chuẩn

 

ð  Check-up zone

Write one word that matches with its definition.

  1. The process of making a solid object into a certain shape Sculpture
  2. The arrangement of things in an artwork Alignment
  3. To have high quality both in terms of physical and spiritual value Classic
  4. Art in general Fine art
  5. A type of a classical interest, which is followed by many people Elegant pursuit
  6. To see and feel the beauty of an artwork Admire
  7. An extremely talented painter Eminent painter
  8. To describe Depict
  9. To think of new things rather than the traditional ones Think outside the box
  10. A work of art Piece of artwork
  11. A painting that is created with oil as the main material Oil painting
  12. Natual ability that one is borned with Innate talent
  13. The ability of having innovated ideas or making new things Creativity
  14. To exist as an idea or a concept, not a physical thing Abstract

 

  • NOTICE

 

Glossary box

Fine art (n)

Nghệ thuật nói chung

Abstract (adj)

Trừu tượng

Sculpture (n)

Điêu khắc

Piece of artwork (n)

Tác phẩm nghệ thuật

Eminent painter (n)

Họa sĩ tài năng

Oil painting (n)

Tranh sơn dầu

Classic (adj)

Kinh điển

Admire (v)

Chiêm ngưỡng

Alignment (n)

Bố cục

Depict (v)

Mô tả

Elegant pursuit (n)

Thú vui tao nhã

Creativity (n)

Sự sáng tạo

Innate talent (n)

Tài năng thiên bẩm

Think outside the box (v)

Suy nghĩ thoáng, vượt ra ngoài quy chuẩn

 

 

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