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IELTS Vocab - Topic: Nature ( weather & natural disasters)

Tags:      04-10-2018

VIII. NATURE

Theo dòng sự kiện, “Nature” – Thiên nhiên và “Weather” – Thời tiết, “Natural disasters” luôn được quan tâm hơn bao giờ hết vì tính thời sự của nó. Chủ đề này chắc là đã rất quen thuộc rồi, tuy nhiên thì hãy thử “nghía” qua những bí kíp từ vựng này từ IELTS Fighter xem, có thể bạn sẽ tìm được một luồng gió mới cho chủ đề này đấy!

 

1. WEATHER (Thời tiết)

Part 1

What is your favorite season? (Mùa yêu thích của bạn là gì?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Fall is absolutely my most favorite season. (Reason) The cool weather makes me feel so comfortable because humidity is low. (Example) I love the feeling of going for a walk in Hoan Kiem Lake pedestrian zone while enjoying the breeze. It’s so fantastic!

Breeze (n)

Làn gió nhẹ

Humidity (n)

Độ ẩm

 

Part 2

Describe a type of weather that you like the most. (Mô tả kiểu thời tiết bạn thích nhất)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Well, people may think that I am weird, but honestly, my most favorite type of weather that I like most is snowy weather. I was born in Vietnam, snow is very scarce and it can only be seen in one or two mountainous provinces in the Northern part.

(Reason) I like it because I want to be immersed in beautiful white snowflakes and have some fun with them. (Example) Just the thought of building a snowman or throwing snow at my friends makes me happy as a clam. I often wish I could go to some Western countries such as America, Sweden or England to enjoy the freezing cold weather as well as admiring the snow falling outside – one of the most interesting natural phenomena.

(Reason) Additionally, I like winter because this is the time that I can wear my favorite clothes, which are warm clothes such as sweater, thick coat or boots.  (Example) Although I am aware that it is not eassy to live in the weather when temperature is low, sometimes I tremble with cold but I really want to enjoy that vibe. Now many people know that due to global warming, the temperature in some countries has begun to rise, which leads to a reduction in snow. I have to rush so that I can enjoy true snowy weather!

Scarce (adj)

Hiếm

Snowflakes (n)

Bông tuyết

Snowman (n)

Người tuyết

Makes me happy as a clam (v)

Làm tôi rất hạnh phúc

Freezing cold weather (n)

Thời tiết rất lạnh

Natural phenomena (n)

Hiện tượng tự nhiên

Tremble with cold (v)

Run lên vì lạnh

Vibe (n)

Không khí

 

Part 3

Do you think that weather affects our feelings? (Bạn có nghĩ rằng thời tiết ảnh hưởng đến cảm xúc của chúng ta không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) One hundred percent yes. (Example) If the weather is fine, humans can have the mood or motivation to do certain things. When the weather is cool or sunny, people may tend to feel happier; however, if really bad weather conditions happen, for instance scorching heat or torrential rain, it is easy for people to have their mood down. The appearance of snow may make people excited but thick layers of snow with bitterly cold weather can cause depression for people.

Scorching heat (n)

Nắng nóng gay gắt

Torrential rain (n)

Mưa rất to

Bitterly cold weather (n)

Trời lạnh thấu xương

 

ð  Check-up zone

Write the Vietnamese meanings of these following words.

  1. Natural phenomenon 8. Scarce
  2. Humidity 9. Snowflake
  3. Scorching heat 10. Vibe
  4. Breeze 11. Bitterly cold weather
  5. Snowman 12. Tremble with cold
  6. Torrential rain 13. Freezing cold weather
  7. Make Sb happy as a clam

 

  • NOTICE

Glossary Box

Breeze (n)

Làn gió nhẹ

Humidity (n)

Độ ẩm

Scarce (adj)

Hiếm

Snowflake  (n)

Bông tuyết

Snowman (n)

Người tuyết

Make (Sb) happy as a clam (v)

Làm ai đó rất hạnh phúc

Freezing cold weather (n)

Thời tiết rất lạnh

Natural phenomenon  (n)

Hiện tượng tự nhiên

 

Tremble with cold (v)

Run lên vì lạnh

Vibe (n)

Không khí

Scorching heat (n)

Nắng nóng gay gắt

Torrential rain (n)

Mưa rất to

Bitterly cold weather (n)

Trời lạnh thấu xương

 

 

2. NATURAL DISASTERS (Thảm họa thiên nhiên)

Part 1

Are you afraid of natural disasters? (Bạn có sợ các thảm họa thiên nhiên không?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Wow, of course. (Example) Not only me but also many people on Earth have a fear for natural calamities. They are extreme weather conditions that can cause a lot of damage to people and property in a large scale.

Natural calamities (n)

Thiên tai

Extreme weather conditions (n)

Điều kiện thời tiết cực đoan

Property (n)

Tài sản

 

Part 2

Describe a natural disaster/an extreme weather condition that you will never forget. (Mô tả một thảm họa thiên nhiên hoặc một điều kiện thời tiết khắc nghiệt mà bạn không bao giờ quên)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Well, I would like to talk about the “historical flood” that happened in Hanoi a decade ago, 2008. This must be the year that Hanoians can never forget.

(Reason) It is memorable because the rain was so heavy and lasted for many days consecutively that inundated many streets of Hanoi. (Example) The rain was considered heaviest in the last 100 years, which caused people to suffer from a lot of damage.  Precipitation reached a record high and almost all activities were paused to ensure the safety of both people and property.

According to statistics, many families even suffered from inundation as high level of water flew into their houses. Offices or schools had to make emergency announcement to let their employees and students be at home to avoid any potential accidents that may caused by the pouring rain. Life then had a lot of disturbance and people had to wait until it stopped raining. The rain triggered inconvenience for people in different fields as high death toll was recorded, traffic was in no order or people stood a high chance of dangerous epidemics. Luckily, after a few days, life began to come back to the way it was thanks to concerted effort of both local authority and many people of the city.

Inundated (adj)

Bị ngập lụt

Precipitation (n)

Lượng mưa

Record high (adj)

Cao kỷ lục

Statistics (n)

Thống kê

Emergency announcement

(n)

Thông báo khẩn cấp

Pouring rain (n)

Mưa xối xả

Disturbance (n)

Xáo trộn, phiền toái

Death toll (n)

Tỷ lệ tử vong

Dangerous epidemics (n)

Dịch bệnh nguy hiểm

Concerted effort (n)

Nỗ lực chung

 

Part 3

Why the world has to suffer from natural disasters more than ever before? (Tại sao thế giới đang ngày càng phải chịu nhiều những thiên tai hơn bao giờ hết?)

Sample answer

Vocabulary

(Answer) Well, I think this is a worldwide issue that needs to be solved before it is too late. (Reason) Obviously, there is global warming that is resulted from human activities such as deforestation or over-exploitation of natural resources. Moreover, the exhaust fumes from vehicles or factories are the main reason that causes the Ozone depletion. That is why more natural disasters are happening. (Example) Personally I think both government and citizens all over the world should act now before humankind has to suffer from more serious disasters in the future.

Global warming (n)

Sự nóng lên toàn cầu

Deforestation (n)

Phá rừng

Ozone depletion (n)

Sự suy giảm tầng Ô-zôn

 

ð  Check-up zone

Fill in each blank to complete a meaningful word.

  1. S_a_i_t_c_
  2. _ _ur_n _ r_ _ n
  3. D_a_h _o_l
  4. _x_r_m_ w_a_h_r _o_d_t_o_s
  5. D_n_e_ _u_ e_i_e_i_s
  6. _m_rg_n_y an_o_n_e_e_t
  7. R_ _o_d _i_h
  8. _r_p_r_y
  9. Pr_c_pi_at_o_
  10. N_t_ _ _l ca_ _m_ty
  11. I_ _nd_t_d
  12. D_st_rb_nc_
  13. _ _o_al _ar_i_g
  14. _e_or_st_t_ _n
  15. O_o_e _ep_e_i_ _
  16. C_ _ce_ _e_ ef_ _r_s

 

  • NOTICE

Glossary Box

Natural calamities (n)

Thiên tai

Extreme weather conditions (n)

Điều kiện thời tiết cực đoan

Property (n)

Tài sản

Inundated (adj)

Bị ngập lụt

Precipitation (n)

Lượng mưa

Record high (adj)

Cao kỷ lục

Statistics (n)

Thống kê

Emergency announcement

(n)

Thông báo khẩn cấp

Pouring rain (n)

Mưa xối xả

Disturbance (n)

Xáo trộn, phiền toái

Death toll (n)

Tỷ lệ tử vong

Dangerous epidemics (n)

Dịch bệnh nguy hiểm

Concerted effort (n)

Nỗ lực chung

Global warming (n)

Sự nóng lên toàn cầu

Deforestation (n)

Phá rừng

Ozone depletion (n)

Sự suy giảm tầng Ô-zôn

 

 

 

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