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    Questions

    Read the sentence beginning 1-7 and Underline the keywords and use them to scan the text below each question. Then choose the correct ending

    1.    Searching for artefacts under the sea is some of the most difficult work that archaeologists encounter. The sea, like space, is an alien environment to the human frame. Complex survival equipment must often be donned before archaeologists can make even the first scrape in the seabed. The altenative to diving suits and air tanks is the submersible, but their use is expensive. Bob Ballard used one to find the Titanic in 1985, although he admitted last month that the expedition was a cover story for a mission to find and inspect two suken nuclear submarines. One of the most important things that an archaeologist will need in searching the seabed is solid research. Academics and treasure hunters can spend years studying old documents for clues of where best to begin.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Q: Looking for items under the sea requires.............. 

    2.    Once the most likely locations have been identified, the business of peering beneath the waves can start. Sonar is a tried and tested technology and among its biggest successes was the discovery of the wreck of the Mary Rose in the late sixties. The ship was part of Henry VIII’s fleet and sank in the Solent during an engagement with the French in 1545. Archaeologists devoted years to inspecting the wreck, raising a host of artefacts an eventually liftin gpart of th etimber hull to the surface. Even more problematic than recovering artefacts is preserving them, and archaeologists often need to keep their finds in controlled conditions to prevent disintergration. In clearer waters divers can search for wrecks just by scouring the seabed. Among such discoveries was that of the Quedagh Merchant, Captain William Kidd’s ship in waters only 1 Oft (3m) deep off Catalina Island in the Dominican Republic.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Q: Finding artefacts .....................

    3. .    Human rights…

    4. .    Human rights are ideas about what everyone is entitled to Basic human rights include the riht to life, and the right to food and clean drinking water. Others include the right to vote and to freedon of expression. In the UK, most people have their basic human rights met most of the time. Howeer, in some countries, people’s freedoms may be limited. Also, in the UK, there are still areas of human rights that some people believe could be improved, such as the rights of people with disabilities. The modern idea of human rights was developed after the Second World War, during which many people’s rights were violated. On a large scale, these human rights abuses are known as war crimes. As a result, the United Nations (UN) was formed to provide a place for nations to resolve conflicts peacefully. It was set up by the Universal Declaration fo Human Rights (UDHR), which consisted of 30 articles describing the basic rights of every person, and was signed in 1948 by 48 countries.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Q: Human rights.............

    5. .    The first section of the Universal Declaration states: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights: Key rights relating to being “born free” include freedon of speech and of movement, the right ot be fair trial, and freedom from torture and from hunger. Key rights relating to “being equal” include a right to an education and th right to be treated equally, without discrimination in all areas of public life. The Universal Declaration was designed as a safeguard to protect the human rights of people around the world.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Q: According to the Universal Declaration, it is an issue of fairness to be ...............

    6.    A legal basis for human rights The European convention of Human Rights was drawn up in 1963, giving a legal framework for human rights in the UK and other European countries. Here, people can complain to the European Court of Human Rights (or ECHR), based in Strasbourg, France. In 1998, the European Union (EU) decided to update the list of human rights, to take account of changes in society and technology. The result was the European Charter of Fundamental Rights (2000). This included some newer human rights: • The right to a private life, including a right to privacy and to confidentiality of letters and emails. • The right to limits on working hours and to have annual paid holiday. • The right to respect the intergrity of human beings, including a ban on financial gain from the human body. This includes the sale of human organs and the cloning of human beings. • The right to data protection, which means that if a company holds data on you, you can ask where it got the information and what it is.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Q: The European Charter of Fundamental Rights ............

    7.    People aged 17 and under For children and young people there is The United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), which covers economic, social, cultural and political rights. The UK agreed to obey the rules of the convention in 1991, which means that every child in the UK, without exception, has certain rights that he or she is entitled to, more than 40 in total. Here are some examples: • The right to life, survival and development • The right to have their views respected, and to have their best interests considered at all times • The right to a name and nationality, freedom of expression, and access to information concerning them the right to education, leisure, culture and the arts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Q: If you are under 18…

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