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Từ vựng HAY cho IELTS Speaking + Writing band 8.0 - P1

09-03-2017

Chắc hẳn khi ôn thi IELTS các bạn đều biết TỪ VỰNG IELTS TỐT  là một trong yếu tố quan trọng để các bạn có thể chinh phục điểm IELTS cao band 7.0+. Tuy nhiên, để đạt điểm cộng bạn nhất định cần dùng từ vựng sao cho chuẩn và hợp lý không phải dùng tuỳ tiện là được đâu nhé! 

Xem thêm bài viết: 

 

Để giúp cho các bạn có thêm cho mình vốn từ vựng IELTS hay phục vụ cho phần thi Speaking và writing thì IELTS fighter sẽ chia sẻ bài viết về từ vựng bạn nên dùng cho 2 phần thi chinh phục điểm 8.0 IELTS. Đối với mỗi từ vựng các bạn sẽ được học về phát âm, nghĩa, từ đồng nghĩa, từ trái nghĩa, colocations và cả ví dụ thực tế để bạn biết cách dùng từ vựng đó trong Speaking và Writing. Vậy chẳng có lý do gì mà bỏ quên những bài viết về từ vựng này nhỉ?

 

#1. Biased (Adjective) /ˈbaɪ.əst/

Meaning: unfairly prefer one person or group over another

Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial 

Antonyms: equitable, disinterested

Collocations: be extremely/ heavily/strongly biased again/ towards/ in favour of

Example: 

  • Most of parents are biased when it comes to their children.
  • The company is biased against women when hiring high positions.
  • The new reporting was heavily biased towards the government.

 

#2. ATTRIBUTE (Verb) /‘ə’tribju:t/

Meaning: regard something as being caused by (someone or something)

Synonym: ascribe

Collocation:

  • mainly/directly attribute something to somebody/ something
  • be commonly/generally/widely/attributed to

Example:

For IELTS speaking

  • She mainly attributes her success to a little of luck and hard work.

For IELTS writing

  • The drop in numbers of road casualties is generally contributed to the new laws.

 

#3. Adversity (Noun) /ədˈvɜː(r)səti/

Meaning: A situation in which you have to face a large number of problems that is likely cause by bad luck

Synonyms: affliction, mischance, reverses

Collocations:

  • Face/overcome adversity
  • In the face of adversity

Example:

For IELTS Writing:

  • She has overcome a countless adversities and setbacks before becoming a famous person.

For IELTS Speaking:

  • Peter shows his courage in the face of adversity, which makes people to admire him.

 

#4. Ambiguous (adjective) /æm´bigjuəs/

Meaning: Uncertain, vague, can be understand in more than a way

Synonyms: hazy, obscure, nebulous

Antonyms: explicit, unquestionable

Collocations:

  • Highly/somewhat ambiguous
  • An ambiguous concept
  • Be ambiguously worded

Example:

For IELTS Speaking:

  • The plot is ambiguous, which contributes to the huge success of the movie.

For IELTS Writing:

  • The government is denounced due to its ambiguous laws.
  • The legislation was ambiguously worded.

 

5#. Stringent (adjective) /ˈstrɪn(d)ʒ(ə)nt/

Meaning: A law, rule, regulation is very strict that must be obeyed

Synonym: strict, tight, tough, harsh

Collocation: stringent law/control/rule/test

Example:

IELTS Writing: Safety standards were less stringent in those days.

IELTS Speaking: I was so happy to move out of my parents’ house and escape their stringent rules.

 

#6. Condemn (Verb) /kən’dem/

Meaning: to express very strong disapproval of somebody/something, usually for moral reasons

Collocation:

  • To strongly/roughly/publicly/openly condemn for (doing) something
  • Be widely condemned

Example:

For IELTS Speaking:

  • Tom has condemned me all day for not telling him the truth.

For IELTS Writing:

  • A large number of people condemned the government for spending money on building more house in stead of investing in preserving the polluted local environment.

 

#7. Oblige (Verb) /əˈblɑɪdʒ/

Meaning: To force somebody to do something |To do a service or favor for |To make indebted or grateful 

Synonym: Compel, force, bind

Collocation:

  • To oblige somebody to do something
  • be delighted to, be glad to, be (only too) happy to + oblige
  • duly/kindly oblige

Example: 

For IELTS Writing:

  • Parents are obliged by law to send their children to school.

For IELTS Speaking:

  • Kate was obliged to read the book.
  • I am obliged to you for your gracious hospitality

 

#8. VELLEITY /vi´li:iti/

Meaning: a mere wish not strong enough to lead to the slightest action 

Synonym:  volition | mere wish

Collocation: velleity towards

Example:

  • I always display the utmost velleity toward my homework
  • Achieving Band 9.0 for the IELTS test is only my velleity 

 

#9. Assimilate (Verb) /əˈsɪmɪˌleɪt/ 

Meaning: 

become similar toone’s environment

take upmentally | absorb, ingest, take in (knowledge, beliefs, skills)

Collocation: to assimilate into

Synonym:  homogenize, acculturate, accustom, accommodate

Example:

For IELTS Writing: 

  • Many new immigrants have not yet assimilated fully into the new community.   (=adjust, accommodate)
  • They had been assimilated into the nation’sculture. (=adjust, accommodate)

For IELTS Speaking: 

  • Teamwork skills is essential, when a new member try to assimilate into new groups. (=adjust, accommodate)
  • My mind could only assimilate one possibility at a time. (=ingest, absorb)

 

#10. Inevitable – Adjective /ɪˈnev.ɪ.tə.bəl/

Meaning: Certain to happen and impossible to avoid.

Synonyms: Certain, Definite.

Collocations: Appear/be/look/seem/become inevitable.

Example:

For IELTS Speaking:

  • It was inevitable that I would take the vacation to enjoy myself after a long stressful week.
  • The company closure is seemingly inevitable.”

For IELTS Writing:

  • Unfortunately, violence is the inevitable corollary of such a revolutionary change in society.

 

#11. Compensate (verb) /ˈkɒm.pən.seɪt/

Meaning: to replace or balance the effect of something bad |  pay money for a loss/injury

 Example:

For IELTS Speaking: 

  • My hard work & diligence compensate for my lack of skill.

For IELTS Writing:

  • he government will compensate workers for their loss of earnings during economic recession.

 

#12. Sedentary: (Adjective) /ˈsɛd(ə)nt(ə)ri/

Meaning: Spending a lot of time on sitting down, and not moving or exercise very much.

Synonyms: inactive, sluggish, idle. 

Antonyms: activated, energetic, moving.

Collocations: Sedentary lifestyle/job/life. 

Example:

Actually, I don’t like this job too much. I’ve sat down and kept my eyes glued to screen whole day, so it’s definitely a sedentary job.

People become more obese than before due to their sedentary lifestyles.

 

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn vào bài viết về từ vựng hay cho IELTS speaking + writing band 8.0 nhé!

 

 


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