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Từ vựng IELTS speaking + writing band 8.0 - P3

26-09-2017

Sau 2 bài chia sẻ phần 1 và phần 2 về từ vựng IELTS nâng cao cho speaking và writing thì hôm nay mình tiếp tục đem đến cho các bạn từ vựng tốt để bạn có thể áp dụng cho kỳ thi IELTS đạt điểm cao nhất. Nếu từ vựng 2 phần trước các bạn chưa học có thể xem thêm: 

Để hỗ trợ cho các bạn học từ vựng hiệu quả, IELTS Fighter giới thiệu các bạn video bài giảng bí kíp nâng cao vốn từ vựng IELTS band 8.0 của cô Ngọc Cúc nhé!

Cũng giống như bài chia sẻ trước mỗi từ vựng các bạn sẽ biết được nghĩa, từ đồng nghĩa, từ trái nghĩa colocations và cả ví dụ về từ vựng được dùng trong speaking và writing. Vậy các chiến binh của IELTS Fighter đã sẵn sàng cho bài học hôm nay chưa nhỉ?

#Ambiguous: (adjective) /æm´bigjuəs/

Meaning: Uncertain, vague, can be understand in more than a way

Synonyms: hazy, obscure, nebulous

Antonyms: explicit, unquestionable

Collocations:

  • Highly/somewhat ambiguous
  • An ambiguous concept
  • Be ambiguously worded

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

The plot is ambiguous, which contributes to the huge success of the movie.

  • For IELTS Writing:

The government is denounced due to its ambiguous laws.

The legislation was ambiguously worded.

#Adversity (Noun) /ədˈvɜː(r)səti/

Meaning: A situation in which you have to face a large number of problems that is likely cause by bad luck

Synonyms: affliction, mischance, reverses

Collocations:

  • Face/overcome adversity
  • In the face of adversity

Example:

  • For IELTS Writing:

She has overcome a countless adversities and setbacks before becoming a famous person.

  • For IELTS Speaking:

Peter shows his courage in the face of adversity, which makes people to admire him.

#Condemn (Verb) /kən’dem/

Meaning: to express very strong disapproval of somebody/something, usually for moral reasons

Collocation:

  • To strongly/roughly/publicly/openly condemn for (doing) something
  • Be widely condemned

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

Tom has condemned me all day for not telling him the truth.

  • For IELTS Writing:

A large number of people condemned the government for spending money on building more house in stead of investing in preserving the polluted local environment.

#Stringent (adjective) /ˈstrɪn(d)ʒ(ə)nt/

Meaning: A law, rule, regulation is very strict that must be obeyed

Synonym: strict, tight, tough, harsh

Collocation: stringent law/control/rule/test

Example:

  • IELTS Writing: Safety standards were less stringent in those days.
  • IELTS Speaking: I was so happy to move out of my parents’ house and escape their stringent rules.

#Notwithstanding (preposition) \ˌnät-with-ˈstan-diŋ\

Meaning: in spite of something

Synonym: in spite of the fact that; although, nevertheless, despite

Antonym: because of; on account of

Example: 

  • Itwas the same material, notwithstanding the texture seemed different.
  • Notwithstanding the long delay, I still decided to set out for my journey. 

 

#Sedentary: (Adjective/ˈsɛd(ə)nt(ə)ri/

Meaning:

Spending a lot of time on sitting down, and not moving or exercise very much.

Synonyms:

inactive, sluggish, idle. 

Antonyms:

activated, energetic, moving.

Collocations:

Sedentary lifestyle/job/life. 

Example:

Actually, I don’t like this job too much. I’ve sat down and kept my eyes glued to screen whole day, so it’s definitely a sedentary job.

People become more obese than before due to their sedentary lifestyles.

#Dominate (verb) /ˈdɒm.ɪ.neɪt/

Meaning: to have control over a place or person

Synonyms:   overlook, prevail

Collocation: completely, entirely, totally, overwhelmingly, increasingly dominate

Example: 

IELTS Speaking:

  • They work as a group – no one person is allowed to dominate.
  • His work increasingly dominates his life.

IELTS Writing: Territorial disputes in the South China Sea is likely to dominate the news.

#Tremendous (adj) /tri’mendəs/ 

Meaning: extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree

Synonyms: enormous, big, large, sizable, immense

Antonyms: awful, frightful, terrible, extraordinary

Collocations

  • tremendousfact 
  • tremendousnoise

Example:

For IELTS Speaking:

He’s a better pitcher than he’s ever been. He’s having a tremendous season.

For IELTS Writing:

While Republicans met in Cleveland, Clinton and her top advisers were going through the list intremendous detail.

#Compatible (adjective) /kƏm'padƏb(Ə)l/

Meaning:HARMONIOUS;  ABLE TO EXIST OR OCCUR TOGETHER WITHOUT CONFLICT

Synonyms: CONGRUOUS, CONSISTENT

AntonymsNCONGRUOUS, INCOMPATIBLE, DISCORDANT

Example:

  • IELTS Writing: Such policies are not compatible with democratic government.
  • IELTS Speaking: It was when they started living together that they found they just weren’t compatible.

#Biased (Adjective) /ˈbaɪ.əst/

Meaning: unfairly prefer one person or group over another

Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial 

Antonyms: equitable, disinterested

Collocations: be extremely/ heavily/strongly biased again/ towards/ in favour of

Example:

  • IELTS Writing:

The new reporting was heavily biased towards the government.

  • IELTS Speaking: 

Most of parents are biased when it comes to their children.

The company is biased against women when hiring high positions.

#Manipulate: (Verb) /məˈnɪp.jə.leɪt/

Definition:

To make someone think and behave exactly as you want them to, by skillfully deceiving or influencing them.

Synonyms: 

Influence, Impact, Effect.

Collocations:

Successfully/delicately/skillfully/deliberately/systematically/genetically manipulate.

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

” My leader was one of those men who manipulated people.”
“You have the constant feeling you are being manipulated.

 

#Identical: (Adjective)  /aɪˈden.tɪ.kəl/

Definition: 

Exactly the same, or very similar

Synonyms:

Indistinguishable, Equal, Exact.

Collocations: 

With Verb: Appear/be/look/seem/remain identical.
With Adverb: Absolutely/completely/exactly/almost/more or less/practically/virtually identical
With Preposition: Identical to/with/in

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“The ingredients are identical with those of competing products.”
“The sisters were identical in appearance and character.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

“Twins, being of identical ages, are usually even better matched on environmental variables during upbringing than are siblings.”

#Diminish: (Verb) /dɪˈmɪn.ɪʃ/

Definition: 

To become or make something become smaller or less.

Synonyms: 

Reduce, Decline, Decrease, Fall, Drop.

Collocations:

Diminish further/gradually/greatly/rapidly/significantly/steadily.

Example: 

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“The average rainfall has diminished by around 30 percent.”
“Support for the government is steadily diminishing.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

“Unemployment rate has diminished in the past few months.”

#Isolate: (Verb) /ˈaɪ.sə.leɪt/

Definition:

To separate one person, group, or thing from other people or things

Synonyms: 

Separate, Confine, Detach, Insulate, Divide

Collocations:

With noun: isolate attempt/community/gene/group/rest/world

With verb: become/feel/remain/try

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“The town was isolated by the floods.”
“New born babies must be isolated from possible contamination.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

“It is impossible to isolate political responsibility from moral responsibility.”

#Prohibit: (Verb) /prəˈhɪb.ɪt/

Definition:

to say that an action is illegal or not allowed.

Synonyms:

Ban, Forbid, Block, Outlaw

Collocations:

Prohibit activity/discrimination/member/sale

Company/constitution/government/injunction/law/legislation/policy/power/regulation/rule/state/statute prohibit

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“California law prohibits housing discrimination based on marital status.”
“Army regulations prohibit public displays of affection by soldiers, and private hideaways are hard to come by.

  • For IELTS Writing:

“Finally, some states prohibit superintendents from participation in a bargaining unit with teachers.”

#Analogy: (Noun) /əˈnæl.ə.dʒi/

Definition:

Something that seems similar between two situations, processes etc.

Synonyms:

Correlation, Parallel, Resemblance.

Collocations:

With adjective: close/good analogy.

With verb: draw/find/make/use analogy.

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“A close analogy with the art of singing can be made here.”
“I have used the analogy of the structure of a document to describe the basis of the curriculum.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

” We may draw an analogy between geriatrics and paediatrics, another age-based medical specialism.”

Exercise:

Choose the following words to fill in the blank: analogy, refine, scenario, inherent, overlap, confined, distorted, temporary, mediate, ceased. 

#Refinement: (Noun) /rɪˈfaɪn.mənt/

Definition:

An improvement, usually a small one, to something.

Synonyms:

Clarification, Processing

Collocations:

With adjective: considerable/great/extra/further/continuous/endless/useful/technical/modern refinement.

With verb: need/require/add/introduce refinement.

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“The technology requires a great deal of refinement.”
“A greater refinement of the categorization is possible.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

Aims are necessary starting points, but before the teacher can begin to provide learning experiences further refinement is essential.”

#Accumulate : Verb – /əˈkjuː.mjə.leɪt/

Definition: 

To gradually get more and more money, possessions, knowledge etc over a period of time.

Synonyms:

Collect, gather, assemble.

Collocations: 

Accumulate gradually/slowly/rapidly/steadily.

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“I want to pursue the higher education for a desire to accumulate wealth.”

“Fat tends to accumulate around the hips and thighs.”

For IELTS Writing:
“It is unjust that a privileged few should continue to accumulate wealth.”

#Scenario: (Noun) /sɪˈnɑː.ri.əʊ/

Definition:

A situation that could possibly happen. 

Synonyms:

Plot, Scheme, Outline.

Collocations:

With adjective: alternative/different/ill/likely/plausible/possible/unlikely/whole scenario.

With noun: case/doomsday/nightmare scenario.

With verb: consider/create/follow/imagine/play scenario.

Example:

  • For IELTS Speaking:

“It is just an extension of on-the-road campaigning. Consider this scenario which I see consistently two or three times a year.”
“If this is true, the education secretary will be hoping for one of the following scenarios.”

  • For IELTS Writing:

“The downside of such excellent economic performance is that virtually any alternative scenario will represent a deterioration.”

Hi vọng rằng những bài chia sẻ về từng vựng IELTS sẽ được các bạn đón nhận nhiệt tình, đó sẽ là động lực đội ngũ IELTS Fighter tiếp tục đem đến nhiều bài học bổ ích hơn cho các bạn nữa nhé! Ngoài ra, IELTS Fighter giới thiệu tới các bạn một số video bài giảng hay về từ vựng giúp bạn học tốt nhất:

Chúc các bạn học tốt và chinh phục điểm IELTS thật cao nhé! :D :D 


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