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Luyện tập 1

    Questions

    Scan the passage below and use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS for each number 1-7 to complete the diagram.

    So far in  this  chapter,  we have questioned   common-sense    ideas held about  what  is  sickness and health  and have raised   some  challenging   questions   about  these  ideas.  However, we can go further   and question  a closely  related  concept  upon which  notions   of illness  are ultimately based:   the concept  of 'the  body'.

    All  of us exist   in  'bodies'  that  are objectively  different   shapes,  heights, colours  and physical abilities;  they are also subjectively   valued  as attractive   or ugly, young  or old, short  or tall, weak  or strong.

    Let us look first at the objective  differences.   The two most  common   explanations    for objective  differences   between  bodies are, first,  that   people's   bodies   vary  according   to  genetic differences   [height,  weight,  etc.I   and,  second,   that  bodies    change  as people  age. However, sociologists   point out that the shapes   of people's  bodies are  often  actually   linked  to diets, type of employment   and  general    quality  of life. A huge range of research    indicates   that poorer people are more  likely  to:

    • eat 'unhealthy' foods   and to smoke  cigarettes
    • be employed in repetitive,   physically     demanding     work   or the other   extreme  of  boring, sedentary  employment
    • have worse   housing   conditions
    • live in more   deprived    neighbourhoods

    All of these factors   impact   upon the condition     of a person's     body and health.   We can see then that the  physical   shapes   of bodies  are  strongly    influenced    by social   factors.

     

    1. ( Shapes )

    2. ( heights )

    3. ( physical abilities )

    4. ( genes )

    5. ( ageing )

    6. ( diets )

    7. ( Lifestyle )

    8. ( General Quality of Life )

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