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Unit 8: Metaphor and idioms (Phương pháp Ẩn dụ và cụm thành ngữ)

Hôm nay chúng ta cùng nghiên cứu một số thành ngữ và phép ẩn dụ thường xuyên xuất hiện trong IELTS nhé!

 Các bài học cũ các bạn có thể học lại: 

Chủ đề đầu tiên: Thành ngữ ám chỉ tính sáng, tối

Các bạn cùng tham khảo đoạn văn dưới đây nhé!

“The present experimental data may shed new light on the formation of the planets. Views on depression have changed in the light of recent studies of the brain. Novelists, poets and essayists often use history to illuminate their understanding of human behavior. The book provides an illuminating discussion of how languages change. Animal models can be used elucidate basic principles of the developmental origins of adult diseases.

The report shines a light on the questions surrounding child care and provides crucial data. Substance abuse continues to destroy individuals and communities, and researchers remain in the dark about what can ensure successful recovery from addiction.

The book dealt with economic policy in the shadow of the Civil War of 1994-1999.


Academic meaning

Vietnamese meaning

Shed the light on

Provide an explanation for it which makes it easier to understand

Giải thích chi tiết

In the light of

Because of

Bởi vì


Show more clearly something that is difficult to understand

Làm sáng tỏ


Explain or make clear

Giải thích

shines a light on

Focus on

Tập trung, nhấn mạnh vào

In the shadow of

In a situation where something bad has happened

Trong tình huống


Chủ đề tiếp theo: Thành ngữ ám chỉ “war-conflict”

Cùng tham khảo đoạn trích sau đây:

“Critics opposed to D.H. Lawrence attacked his novels on various grounds, both trivial and important. But despite the apparent diversity of opinion, Lawrence’s critics were united on what they saw as several serious problems.”


“In the last two poems we see the poet becoming increasingly detached from the material world, retreating more into his own mind than before.”


Retreating: Going back – quay trở lại

“Parents and teachers need to maintain a united front on the question of bad conduct at school.”


Maintain a united front: remain united in their opinions

“It’s useful at the present time to look Japan’s experience in the battle against air pollution, and it’s a battle no nation can afford to lose


“Lawsuits can certainly affect the value of a company, and the firms need strategies to combat the

onslaught of lawsuits.”


Onslaught – a very powerful attack – cuộc tổng tấn công

“In the last ten years or so, children have been bombarded with increasing amounts of violence in the media.”


Bombarded with: forced to experience; subject to – phản đối


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