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Unit 2.2: Hướng dẫn làm bài tập "Completing tables" - Mini Passage 2

 

I. REVIEW

Chào mọi người, hôm nay chúng ta cùng nhau review lại chiến thuật làm bài kết hợp giải mẫu một bài đọc với dạng bài tập Completing Tables nhé.

Khi làm bài tập dạng này, các bạn chú ý:

 

- Số lượng từ được cho phép điền vào một vị trí

- Dự đoán trước loại từ có thể điền vào vị trí cần (Noun/Verb/Adj/Adv)

- Từ cần điền sẽ đi gần những keywords nào. Tìm synonyms hoặc paraphrases của những keywords đó

- Check lại đáp án

 

II. MINI PASSAGE

Bây giờ chúng ta cùng tham khảo một Mini Passage mọi người nhé


In Craig Renarman's and Harry Levine's article entitled "The Crack Attack: Politics and Media in America's Latest Drug Scare," the authors attempt to expose and to deal with some of the societal problems that have resulted from the over-exaggeration of crack-cocaine as an "epidemic problem" in our country. Without detracting attention away from the serious health risks for those few individuals who do use the drug, Renarman and Levine demonstrate how minimally detrimental the current "epidemic" actually is.


Early in the article, the authors summarize crack-cocaine's evolutionary history in the U.S. They specifically discuss how the crack-related deaths of two star-athletes which first called wide-spread attention to the problem during the mid 1980's. Since then, the government has reportedly used crack-cocaine as a political scapegoat for many of the nation's larger inner-city problems. Thefts, violence, and even socioeconomic depression have been blamed on crack. They assert that the government has invested considerably in studies whose results could be used to wage the constant "war on drugs" while to politicians, that war has amounted to nothing more than a perceptual war on poverty and urban crime.

Since politicians have had little else of marketable interest to debate over the years, this aggressive attack on drugs has existed as one of their only colorful means by which to create debate, controversy, and campaign fuel. In other words, when balancing the budget and maintaining an effective foreign policy became too boring to handle, Reinarman and Levine assert that the "crack epidemic" became the focus of politicians with the intent of luring public interest to their flashy anti-drug campaigns.

Finally, in addition to the media's excess attention on the 'war against drugs,'Reinarman and Levine make the point the constant coverage of crack in the news media has only been counterproductive to the alleged goals of any anti-drug program. With descriptions of the "crack high" that glorify it considerably-the politically-charged media campaigns to fight drugs have worked somewhat ironically as huge advertising campaigns for crack-increasing public awareness and stimulating the interests of venturous junkies.

Questions 5–6

Complete the table below describing the causes and effects. Write your answers in boxes 5–6 on your answer sheet.

CAUSES

EFFECTS

Example

Answer

crack-cocaine

corruption, violence and deaths

media‘s excess attention on the  war against drugs‘

…………5………..

Politically-charged media campaigns to fight drugs

…………6………..

 

Questions 7–13

5. counterproductive to the alleged goals of any anti-drug program  

6. increasing public awareness and stimulating the interests of venturous junkies 

7. No

 

III. DISCUSSION

Các em đã chọn đáp án nào và suy luận ra sao nhỉ? Chúng ta cùng nhau thảo luận nhé

Đáp án không giới hạn số lượng từ , có ví dụ được cung cấp

 

(5) Dùng “media’s excess attention” làm từ khóa. Lưu ý từ khóa có thể được  paraphrase hoặc dùng synonyms  thay thế. Nằm sau từ khóa “crack-cocaine

-->> the constant coverage of crack in the news media has only been counterproductive to the alleged goals of any anti-drug program

-->> Đáp án: counterproductive to the alleged goals of any anti-drug program

 

(6) Dùng cụm từ “politically-charged media compaigns” làm từ khóa

-->> With descriptions of the "crack high" that glorify it considerably-the politically-charged media campaigns to fight drugs have worked somewhat ironically as huge advertising campaigns for crack-increasing public awareness and stimulating the interests of venturous junkies.

-->> Đáp án: increasing public awareness and stimulating the interests of venturous junkies.

 

Bài tập này không hề khó nếu chúng ta có chiến thuật làm bài rõ ràng và kỹ năng scan tốt đúng không các bạn. Các bạn hãy thử sức với những bài tập Reading- Completing Tables khác đến từ IELTS- Fighter nhé <3

Chúc bạn học tốt <3

 

 

 

 

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