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Hôm nay, cô sẽ chia sẻ cho các bạn kiến thức rất hữu ích về Writing, dành cho bạn nào đang đặt cho mình mục tiêu 7.0 Writing. Các giới từ trong IELTS writing luôn cần thiết để bạn hoàn thành cho mình bài viết Task 1 và Task 2 tốt nhất. Với 60 giới từ quan trọng mà bạn chắc chắn sẽ dùng đến trong phần thi Writing sẽ giúp cho các bạn tự tin  viết hay hơn đạt điểm cao như mong muốn. 

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Với mỗi "giới từ" đều có nghĩa, cách dùng và ví dụ thực tế giúp cho bạn hiểu sâu rõ về từng giới từ cũng như khi vận dụng vào bài viết sẽ chuẩn nhất. Vậy bây giờ chúng ta sẽ bắt tay vào khám phá từng giới từ chúng ta có thể dùng trong IELTS writing nhé!

1. As opposed to: Used to make a contrast between two things

Example:  This exercise develops suppleness as opposed to strength.

2. Amid

  1.  in the middle of or during something, especially something that causes excitement or fear

Example: He finished his speech amid tremendous applause.

     2. Surrounded by something

Example:  The hotel was in a beautiful position amid lemon groves.

3. By means of:With the help of something

Example:  The load was lifted by means of a crane.

4. By virtue of/In virtue of: By means of or because of something

Example: She got the job by virtue of her greater experience.

5. For the sake of (doing) something: In order to get or keep something

Example: The translation sacrifices naturalness for the sake of accuracy.

6. In accordance with something: According to a rule or the way that something should be done

Example:  We acted in accordance with my parents’ wishes.

7. In addition (to somebody/something): Used when you want to mention another person/thing after something else

Example:  In addition to these arrangements, extra ambulances will be on duty until midnight.

8. In case of something: If something happens

Example:  In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.

9. In lieu of : Instead of

Example:  They took cash in lieu of the prize they had won.

10. In order to do something: With the purpose or intention of doing or achieving something

Example:  In order to get a complete picture, further information is needed.

11. In place of somebody/something: Instead of somebody/something

Example:  We just had soup in place of a full meal.

12. In respect of something

  1. Concerning

Example:  A writ was served on the firm in respect of their unpaid bill.

  1. In payment for something

Example:   money received in respect of overtime

13. In view of something: Considering something

Example: In view of the weather, the event will now be held indoors.

14. On account of something: Because of

Example: The marsh is an area of great scientific interest on account of its wild flowers.

15. On behalf of somebody: In order to help somebody

Example:  They campaigned on behalf of asylum seekers.

16. On top of

  1. In addition to something

Example:   He gets commission on top of his salary.

  1. In control of a situation

Example:  Work tends to pile up if I don’t keep on top of it.

17. Thanks toUsed to say that something has happened because of somebody/something

Example:  It was all a great success – thanks to a lot of hard work.

18. With a view to (doing) something: With the intention or hope of doing something

Example:  He is painting the house with a view to selling it.

19. With regard to/In regard to: Concerning somebody/something

Example:  The company’s position with regard to overtime is made clear in their contracts.

20. Apropos/Apropos of: Regarding, concerning or related to somebody/something

Example:  Apropos our date for lunch, I cannot go.

21. Astride: With one leg on each side of something, situated on both sides of something; lying across or over; spanning

Example:  Rights groups urged the Indonesian government to block a proposed law banning women from sitting astride motorcycles in deeply Islamic Aceh province, where the position is deemed “improper”.

22. Athwart

  1. Across, from one side to the other

Example: They put a table athwart the doorway.

     2. Not agreeing with, opposite to

Example:  His statement ran athwart what was previously said.

23. Atop: On top of, at the top of

Example: Fruit and vegetable prices rose 1.3 per cent atop a 2 per cent gain last month.

24. Barring: Except for, unless there is/are

Example: Barring accidents, we should arrive on time.

25. Beneath: 

  1. In or to a lower position than somebody/something; under somebody/something

Example: They found the body buried beneath a pile of leaves.

  1. Not good enough for somebody

Example: He considers such jobs beneath him.

26. Beside

  1. Next to or at the side of somebody/something

Example: He sat beside her all night.

  1. Compared with somebody/something

Example: My painting looks childish beside yours.

27. Besides: In addition to somebody/something; apart from somebody/something

Example: Besides working as a doctor, he also writes novels in his spare time.

28. Beyond

       1.On or to the further side of something

Example: The road continues beyond the village up into the hills.

       2. Later than a particular time

Example:  I know what I’ll be doing for the next three weeks but I haven’t thought beyond that.

       3. More than something

Example: Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.

       4. Used to say that something is not possible

Example: The situation is beyond our control.

       5. Too far or too advanced for somebody/something

Example: The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.

29. Circa: (used with dates) about, in approximately

Example:  She was born circa 1920.

30. Concerning: About something, involving somebody/something

Example:   All cases concerning children are dealt with in a special children’s court.

Synonyms:  Apropos, Regarding, Respecting, With respect to, As for, As regards, In respect of, With regard to, In regard to

31. Considering

Used to show that you are thinking about a particular fact, and are influenced by it, when you make a statement about something

Example:   Considering he has only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

32. Despite/In spite of

Used to show that something happened or is true although something else might have happened to prevent it

Example:   Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.

33. Except/Except for/Apart from/Aside from

Used before mentioning the only thing or person about which a statement is not true

Example:   We work every day except Sunday.

34. Excluding: Not including

Example:   Lunch cost 10 dollars per person, excluding drinks.

35. Failing

Used to introduce a suggestion that could be considered if the one just mentioned is not possible

Example:   Ask a friend to recommend a doctor or, failing that, ask for a list in your local library.

36. Following: After or as a result of a particular event

Example:  He took charge of the family business following his father’s death.

37. Given: When you consider something

Example:  Given his age (Considering how old he is), he is remarkably active.

38. Including: Having something as part of a group or set

Example:  Six people were killed in the riot, including a policeman.

39. Notwithstanding: Without being affected by something; despite something

Example:  Notwithstanding some financial problems, the club has had a successful year.

40. Onto

  1. Used with verbs to express movement on or to a particular place or position

Example:  She stepped down from the train onto the platform.

     2. Used to show that something faces in a particular direction

Example:  The window looked out onto the terrace.

41. Opposite

     1. On the other side of a particular area from somebody/something, and usually facing them.

Example: The bank is opposite the supermarket.

  1. Acting in a film or plays as the partner of somebody

Example:  She starred opposite Tom Hanks.

42. Past

     1. Later than something

Example:   It was past midnight when we got home.

  1. On or to the other side of somebody/something

Example: He hurried past them without stopping.

  1. Above or further than a particular point or stage

Example:  Unemployment is now past the 3 million mark.

43. Per: Used to express the cost or amount of something for each

Example:  This country has a higher crime rate per 100,000 of the population than most other European countries.

44. Qua: As something, in the role of something

Example: The soldier acted qua soldier, not as a human being.

45. Regarding: Concerning/about somebody/something

Example:   She has said nothing regarding your request.

46. Respecting/With respect to: Concerning

Example:  information respecting the child’s whereabouts

47. Sans: Without

Example:  There were no potatoes so we had fish and chips sans the chips.

48. Save/Save for: Except something

Example:  They knew nothing about her save her name.

49. Throughout

  1.  In or into every part of something

Example:   They export their products to markets throughout the world.

  1. During the whole period of time of something

Example:   The museum is open daily throughout the year.

50. Towards

  1. In the direction of somebody/something

Example: They were heading towards the German border.

  1. Getting closer to achieve something

Example:  This is a first step towards political union.

  1. Close or closer to a point in time

Example:  towards the end of April

  1. In relation to somebody/something

Example:   He was tender and warm towards her.

  1. With the aim of obtaining something, or helping somebody to obtain something

Example:   The money will go towards a new school.

51. Underneath

  1. Under or below something else, especially when it is hidden or covered by the thing on top

Example:   The coin rolled underneath the piano.

  1. Used to talk about somebody’s real feelings or character, as opposed to the way they seem to be

Example: Underneath her cool exterior she was really very frightened.

52. Upon: Formal use of “on”

Example:  The decision was based upon two considerations.

  1. Versus: Used to compare two different things

Example:  It was the promise of better job opportunities versus the inconvenience of moving away and leaving her friends.

53. Via

  1. Through a place

Example:  We flew home via Dubai.

  1. By means of a particular person, system…

Example:   The news programme came to us via satellite.

54. Within

  1. Before a particular period of time has passed; during a particular period of time

Example: Two elections were held within the space of a year.

  1. Not further than a particular distance from something

 Example:   a house within a mile of the station

  1. Inside the range or limits of something

Example:  The question is not within the scope of this talk.

  1. Inside somebody/something

Example: There is discontent within the farming industry.

55. According to:

  1. As stated or reported by somebody/something

Example:  You have been absent six times according to our records.

  1. Following, agreeing with or depending on something

Example:  The salary will be fixed according to qualifications and experience.

56. Ahead of

  1. Further forward in space or time than somebody/something; in front of

Example:  Ahead of us lay ten days of intensive training.

  1. Earlier than

Example:   I finished several days ahead of the deadline.

  1. Further advanced than somebody/something, e.g. in a race or competition

Example:   She was always well ahead of the rest of the class.

57. Owing to: Because of

Example:  The game was cancelled owing to torrential rain.

58. Prior to: Before something

Example:  during the week prior to the meeting 

59. Regardless of: Paying no attention to something/somebody; treating something/somebody as not being important

Example: The amount will be paid to everyone regardless of whether they have children or not.

60. Subsequent to: After, following

Example:  There have been further developments subsequent to our meeting.


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