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Tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Speaking Describe a person

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Describe a person là một trong những topic thường gặp trong bài thi IELTS Speaking Part 2. Nó có nhiều đề khác nhau nhưng bạn có thể áp dụng một công thức chung cho phần này là A.R.E.A để thực hiện phân tích, đưa ra câu trả lời ăn điểm hơn.

Dưới đây sẽ là tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Speaking Part 2 - Describe a person và hướng dẫn trả lời bạn có thể tham khảo cho bài thi của mình nhé.

I. TỔNG HỢP ĐỀ THI DESCRIBE A PERSON TRONG IELTS SPEAKING

1. Describe a famous person you would like to meet.

You should say:

Who is he/she

Why do you want to meet him/her

Why he is famous

and explain what would you do if you meet him/her.

2. Describe a person who has been an important influence in your life.

You should say:

who this person is and how long you have known him or her

 why you chose this person

how this person has influenced your life

and explain how you feel about him or her.

3. Describe a person you met who has inspired you

Who this person is

Where and under what circumstances did you meet him/her

What quality about him/her inspired you

And explain the person’s attitude towards you

4. Describe a person you admire.

You should say:

who this person is

how long you have known him/ her

what qualities he/she has

and explain why you admire him/ her so much.

5. Describe someone in your family who you really admire.

You should say:

what relation this person is to you

what are your first memories of this person

how often you see this person

and explain why you really admire this person.

6. Describe a person to whom you are very close in your family / You like. (tương tự đề trên)

You should say:

What relation this person is to you

What this person looks like

What kind of person he/she is

What are your memories of this person

and explain why you like this person

7. Describe a person you know who is beautiful or handsome.

You should say:

Who the person is

When you met the person at the first time

What the person’s character

And explain how you feel about the person.

8. Describe a person who helps to protect the environment

You should say about:

- Who he/she is;

- What he/she has done to protect the environment;

- How he/she helps to contribute to protecting the enviroment.

Các đề có thể thay đổi a person/an old person/ a member of your family...

Một đề cũng có thể xếp vào topic này:

Talk about a person who you wanted to become like while growing up.

Who is the person?
How do you know him?
Why do you want to become like him?

Khi nói về việc miêu tả người trong IELTS Speaking, đa phần người học sẽ nghĩ đầu tiên đến việc mô tả ngoại hình của người đó. Ví dụ như người này cao ra sao, mái tóc như thế nào hoặc ăn mặc như thế nào, …

Đây không phải là cách tiếp cận sai, nhưng với bài nói kéo dài tối thiểu 2 phút thì sẽ là một vấn đề khi mà người học trở nên “bí từ”, không biết phải mô tả gì tiếp theo.

Để bài nói được trọn vẹn cả về độ dài lẫn ý nghĩa, cách tiếp cận của mình nghĩ nên đi từ giới thiệu đến miêu tả tính cách hoặc nội tâm của nhân vật (theo hướng câu hỏi đặt ra), vì từ đây mình sẽ có thêm rất nhiều ý hay để trình bày.

Ví dụ như: Mình cảm thấy sao về tính cách đó? Mình có ngưỡng mộ người này không? Tính cách đó có gì đặc biệt với những người khác?

Hay vì sao bạn biết người đó, họ có điểm gì khiến bạn ngưỡng mộ, yêu thích, những điểm đặc biệt của họ, vì sao bạn yêu thích người đó, kỷ niệm của bạn với người đó...

Tóm lại, khi miêu tả người, ngoài việc trình bày đôi nét về ngoại hình, người nói có thể tiếp cận những ý về tích cách, công việc của đối tượng để bài nói của mình trở nên ý nghĩa hơn.

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II. CHỮA ĐỀ IELTS Speaking Part 2 Describe a person

Công thức A.R.E.A được hiểu là:

A - Answer: Câu trả lời trực tiếp cho câu hỏi.
R - Reason: Lý do cho câu trả lời.
E - Example: Ví dụ cụ thể cho câu trả lời.
A - Alternatives: Mở rộng thêm đưa ra ý kiến phản bác cho câu hỏi.

Thông thường, chỉ cần đi theo khung A.R.E là bạn đã hoàn thành được bài Speaking hoàn chỉnh và logic, giúp bạn diễn đạt câu trả lời tốt rồi.

Bạn có thể xem thêm: Từ vựng và bài mẫu theo công thức A.R.E.A (15 chủ đề phổ biến nhất)

1. Describe a famous person you would like to meet

Giả sử ở đây người muốn gặp là Taylor Swift.

describe a person 1

Để mở đầu, bạn có thể nói đơn giản hay mở rộng câu hơn. Nhưng ý ban đầu sẽ là giới thiệu về người bạn đang muốn nói tới. Đây là A - Answer.

Đơn giản, bạn nói là: The person I would like to meet is Taylor Swift who is a country music singer

Hay Well, I’m very much interested in and like to meet but to day I’m going to talk about Taylor Swift who is a country music singer.

hoặc để nói dài hơn:

In my to-meet list, there are so many famous person who I’m very much interested in and dream to meet. The person I would like to talk today, she’s a country music singer, Taylor Swift.

Đến phần thân bài, bạn giải thích vì sao bạn yêu mến và mong muốn gặp người đó, những ví dụ bổ sung. Đây là Reason - Example.

I could start off by saying that she is just impeccable. She is not only a popular singer but also a talented song writer.

Well, with a sweet and amazing voice, she is the first female artist has won Grammy Award for Album Of The Year twice, which is extremely prestigious and noble.

In addition to a singer, she is renowned as a musician with an innate ability. She always loves writing songs about her own life. Perhaps, for this reason, her songs are so inspiring and vivid, which always cheer me up whenever I feel down in the dumps.

And I shouldn’t forget to mention that all the time, she looks gorgeous like an angel in dresses, which helps her earn the title “The princess of the country music”.

Something else I need to comment on is that she is very kind-hearted and sympathetic. You know, she founded a charitable organization which raises funds to support poor children in the third world.

Cuối cùng, kết luận Conclusion:

You know, properly I can never forget a compliment on her personality in a magazine, which said that: “Swift radiates her kindness wherever she goes”. That’s all I can say about my beloved idol.

Một số từ vựng nổi bật:

- Impeccable = perfect = flawless: Hoàn hảo

E.g: Her written English is impeccable.

- Prestigious and noble: Danh giá và ưu tú

E.g:  Foreign Trade University is a prestigious and noble university.

- Renowned = famous for

E.g:  It is renowned as one of the region's best restaurants.

- Innate ability (of a quality, feeling, etc.): that you have when you are born

E.g: Many children seem to have an innate sense of justice.

- Cheer me up: to become more cheerful

E.g:  Give Mary a call; she needs cheering up.

- Down in the dumps (idioms): feeling unhappy

E.g:  He’d been down in the dumps since his girlfriend left him.

- Earn/get/receive the title: Đạt danh hiệu

E.g:  About 10 years ago, Justin Bieber got the title as “Prince of pop”.

- Kind-hearted: to spend a lot of time in a place or with someone

E.g:  I love him because he’s a kind-hearted person.

- Sympathetic: Cảm thông

E.g:  I did not feel at all sympathetic towards Kate.

- The Third World

A way of referring to the poor or developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America, which is sometimes considered offensive

E.g: The causes of poverty and injustice in the Third World

- Compliment on: Lời khen

E.g: I have to compliment you on this dinner you made—it's just delicious!

-  Radiate: Lan tỏa

E.g:  You could see the happiness radiating from Sally after she heard the news.

2.  DESCRIBE AN INTERESTING OLD PERSON YOU KNOW

Bạn có thể giới thiệu đơn giản như thế này “An interresting old persion i know is my grandfather. He is a tall man. His hobbies are …He is humor person. He usually make me laugh with his story....

Describe a person 2

Hoặc bạn tham khảo bài mẫu theo cách trình bày từ giới thiệu, tính cách đến điều làm bạn ấn tượng với người đó.

When it comes to this particular topic, the first person that springs to mind is my next- door neighbor - Mr Tam, a considerate and thoughtful old man. We have been friends for several years since the day he moved into my neighborhood. Despite the obviously huge age gap, we got on like the house on fire at the very first time we met, and I admire him so much for many valuable virtues of his.

To most people, the idea of senior men often rotates around how old-fashioned and conservative they can be, or how forgetful they are. Mr Tam, to me, is the embodiment of the exact opposite. My deepest impression on him, which is also the reason why we clicked at the very first time we met, is that he is very good with tech gadgets. Unlike many same-age counterparts who are mostly dismissive of anything modern, Mr Tam is not technology-illiterate at all. He often posts adorable pictures of his grandchildren on Facebook, and I believe that he takes great pleasures in replying to every compliment about how radiant and effulgent they look.

I also adore this man for his sentimentality. In his younger years, Mr Tam used to be soldier who fought for the country in the Vietnam War. He is sometimes reminiscent of the days when he was in the army. I remember there was one time when he got a little bit emotional about his friends who laid down their lives in the battle. Whenever we talk, he always reminds me and my friends to keep moving forward in life, so that the sacrifices of his friends will not go to waste.

To me, Mr Tam is both a friend and an inspiration. I admire him for his wisdom, his heart and many of his life advice. He is truly a friend that I never thought I would be so lucky to have.

Ở đây, bạn áp dụng thêm những linking words, câu phức , mệnh đề quan hệ...để kết nối logic và tạo bài nói dài hơn.

Một số từ vựng nổi bật: 

Considerate(adj): tận tâm

Age gap: khoảng cách tuổi tác

Get on like the house on fire: tính cách hợp nhau

Virtue: tính cách, phẩm chất

Rotate around: quay quanh

Conservative(adj): bảo thủ

Embodiment(n): hiện thân, đại diện

Be dismissive of: không ưa thích cái gì

Technology-illiterate: kém hiểu biết về công nghệ

Effulgent (adj): rạng rỡ

Be reminiscent of: hồi tưởng về

Lay down one’s life: hy sinh

3. Describe a person who helps to protect the environment

Với tình hình thay đổi môi trường trong thời gian hiện tại, đề thi về Environment thường được ra nhiều nên các bạn chú ý thêm nhé. 

Dưới đây là một bài mẫu áp dụng công thức A.R.E.A để cùng trả lời nhé:

I would like to tell you about an environmentally friendly person that I know very well and that person is my mother. She is a literature teacher in Secondary School in Bien Hoa and she's 50 years old now. My mom has a simple but very practical way protecting the environment.

She says no to plastic bags so that's why she always brings her own cloth bag whenever she does the grocery shopping. Several years ago my grandmother usually used a big plastic bag when going to the market because she said it was convenient but then my mom told her that it would take hundreds of years for plastic bags to decompose. Moreover the chemicals from plastic bags contaminate water sources or soil, which may leads to adverse effects on our health. As a result, my grandmother doesn't use plastic bags anymore.

Mom has also told me and my family members to cut down on using products down on using products made of plastic such as straws or plastic bottles. She is ready to throw away all plastic products in my house and replace them with those made with glass or ceramics. Although it may be more costly, my mom says that we must do that to protect the environment

To sum up, she has made great attempts to contribute to a cleaner environment and raise my family members' and neighbors' awareness about the importance of "living green". If more people behave like her, I believe that we can mitigate environment issues.

Từ vựng hữu ích:

- An environmentally friendly person: Người thân thiện với môi trường

E.g: Environmentally friendly person supports recycling, limiting carbon dioxide emissions, protecting endangered animals, and so on.

- Say no to: Nói không với

E.g: Don’t say no to me, I keep one thing very important of you.

- Do the grocery shopping: Đi chợ/đi các gian hàng

E.g: I often do the grocery shopping for my mom when she is not at home.

- Decompose: Phân hủy

E.g: As the waste materials decompose, they produce methane gas.

- Contaminate: Làm ô nhiễm

E.g: A river contaminated by pollution.

- Adverse: Bất lợi, tiêu cực, không mong muốn

E.g: They have attracted strong adverse criticism.

- Cut down on: Cắt giảm

E.g: My doctor told me that I need to cut down on eating fried foods in order to improve my cholesterol.

- Costly: Tốn kém

E.g: Having curtains professionally made can be costly.

- Ceramics: Gốm sứ

E.g: She sells ceramics, but they are very expensive.

- Make great attempts: Nỗ lực để làm việc gì

E.g: My son has made great attempts to win the first prize in the upcoming Judo competition.

- Raise one’s awareness: Nâng cao nhận thức của ai

E.g: People should raise their awareness about protecting the balance of the ecosystem.

- Mitigate: Làm giảm nhẹ

E.g: The problem of poverty and illiteracy in rural areas must be mitigated.

- Issues: Vấn đề

E.g: Nowadays air pollution becomes more and more serious issue.

4. Describe a person to whom you are very close in your family. (Mô tả một người trong gia đình mà bạn rất thân thiết)

Đầu tiên, bạn giới thiệu về người đó:

Wow, to talk about the person to whom I am closest in my family, I would like to mention my mother, who plays a crucial role in my life. She is not just my mom, she is also my idol, my best friend and also my consultant.

Tiếp đến nêu lý do rồi ví dụ:

I adore her because she is such a kind-hearted, caring and loving person in the family.

(Example) As you know, I live in a nuclear family with four members, my parents, my little brother and me; therefore, my mom will have more time to look after each member more carefully, both in terms of physical health and emotions. Honestly, she is the one I can share everything without any hesitation. Whenever I have any problems or sadness or happiness, mom is always the first person that I talk to. She always cheers me up, gives me pieces of valuable advice and encourage me to look on the bright side everytime I feel depressed.

Moreover, my mom is also a responsible citizen and she fulfills her duty at work very well.

(Example) I guess there must be pressure at her workplace and I know that she has to work really hard to support the whole family but I can hardly hear her complain. Her determination and strong-willed characteristics have set a good example for me and that is also the thing that I have to remind myself so that I can be such a wonderful person like her.

Từ vựng:

Crucial role (n): Vai trò đặc biệt quan trọng

Kind-hearted (adj): Ấm áp (tính cách)

Nuclear family (n): Gia đình hạt nhân (bao gồm bố mẹ và con cái)

Look on the bright side (v): Lạc quan

Responsible citizen (n): Công dân có trách nhiệm

Determination (n): Sự quyết tâm, kiên định

Strong-willed (adj): Ý chí mạnh mẽ

Trên đây là một số từ vựng và câu trả lời mẫu theo topic Describe a person, cô sẽ cập nhật thêm bài mẫu và từ vựng khác, mọi người cùng tham khảo nhé.

Bên cạnh đó, các bạn cùng tham khảo Tổng hợp bài thi Speaking Part 2 hay nhất để nâng cao vốn từ sử dụng cho bài thi của mình nhé.

Các bạn cùng học nhé!


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