Idiom hay là thành ngữ trong tiếng Anh là một điểm giúp người nói sử dụng giống với người bản xứ hơn. Sử dụng Idiom theo chủ đề, giúp bạn tạo độ tự nhiên cho người nói hơn nhiều. Dưới đây là tổng hợp 100 thành ngữ tiếng Anh hay, đặc biệt áp dụng tốt cho IELTS Speaking với độ nhuần nhuyễn phù hợp nhé.
100 THÀNH NGỮ TIẾNG ANH - IDIOMS HAY THEO CHỦ ĐỀ
1. Chủ đề Money and Finance - Tiền bạc & Tài chính
- A penny saved is a penny earned: một xu để dành là một xu kiếm được, khuyên nên tiết kiệm tiền
E.g: She runs her own business and does all the work herself because she believes that a penny saved is a penny earned.
- Beyond one's means: nằm ngoài khả năng chi trả
E.g: The trip was just beyond our means.
- Someone's bread and butter: ám chỉ nguồn sống, kế sinh nhai, nguồn thu nhập
E.g: His family’s bread and butter comes from his small business.
- Cut one's losses: dừng làm việc gây thua lỗ và tổn thất
E.g: They decided to stop the unprofitable project to cut their losses.
- Down-and-out: không có tiền, công việc, nhà cửa (vừa là tính từ vừa là danh từ)
E.g: She left him when he was down-and-out.
- Bring home the bacon: thành công, kiếm đủ tiền nuôi sống gia đình.
E.g: In my family, my dad is the one who brings home the bacon while my mom stays at home and takes care of us.
- At all costs: bằng mọi giá, quyết tâm làm điều gì
E.g: I’ll be the winner at all costs.
- Earn a living: kiếm sống
E.g: She’s financially independent. She can earn her own living.
- Money doesn't grow on trees: ý nhắc nhở tiêu tiền hợp lý, vì tiền khó kiếm
E.g: I wanted to have a new car but then I changed my mind because my old car was still in good condition. My mom always reminds me that money doesn’t grow on trees.
- Pour money down the drain: tiêu hoang
E.g: This second-hand fridge isn’t working well. Buying it is just pouring money down the drain.
- Born with a silver spoon in your mouth: sướng từ trong trứng sướng ra, sinh ra trong một gia đình sung túc, đủ điền kiện
E.g: He was born with a silver spoon in his mouth, so he has never known what hard work is.
2. Chủ đề Love - Tình yêu
- Love at first sight: yêu từ cái nhìn đầu tiên
E.g: Jim and Sue had a very happy ending after three months of dating. It was love at first sight.
- Match made in heaven: cặp trời phú
E.g: Tim and Anna are a match made in heaven. I believe they’ll soon have a happy ending.
- Have a crush on someone: thích ai đó, cảm nắng
E.g: She’s had a huge crush on him since they first met.
- To love with all your heart and soul: yêu ai đó bằng cả trái tim và tâm trí
E.g: I loved him with all my heart and soul but he still left me.
- Wear your heart on your sleeve: hay thể hiện cảm xúc mình
E.g: I can tell that Mary is depressed after her broken relationship. She wears her heart on her sleeve.
- Fall head over heels in love: si mê một ai đó
E.g: He fell head over heels in love with Sarah and they got married three months after their first date.
- Tie the knot: cưới ai đó
E.g: After a few months of dating, they decided to tie the knot in May.
- Be the apple of one’s eye: được yêu thích, được coi trọng bởi một ai đó
E.g: There are 30 students in this class but Lisa is the apple of the teacher’s eye because she’s helpful and friendly.
3. Chủ đề Happiness and Sadness - Vui buồn
- On cloud nine: trên chín tầng mây, ám chỉ đang rất vui và hạnh phúc
E.g: Jack was on cloud nine when his girlfriend said ‘yes’ to his proposal.
- Make one’s day: To make someone feel very happy: làm ai đó cảm thấy vô cùng hạnh phúc
E.g: This birthday surprise really made my day.
- Not the end of the world: khi khuyên nhủ ai đó và muốn nói rằng đây chưa phải là điều tồi tệ nhất
E.g: Don’t worry about the debt. It’s not the end of the world.
- Feel blue/have the blues: cảm thấy buồn bã
E.g: He’s been feeling blue since the day she left.
- Face like a wet weekend: nhìn mặt thảm thương
E.g: 'Are you alright? You have a face like a wet weekend.'
- Get a (real) kick out of something: thích điều gì đó rất nhiều
E.g: He gets a kick out of football. He’s a big fan of Lionel Messi.
- On top of the world: cảm thấy cực kỳ hạnh phúc
E.g: Harry was on top of the world when Jenny accepted his invitation to dinner.
- In seventh heaven: cảm thấy cực kỳ hạnh phúc
E.g: She was in seventh heaven when she won the lottery.
- Over the moon: cảm thấy cực kỳ hạnh phúc
E.g: Sue is over the moon about her new laptop.
- Have a whale of a time: có một khoảng thời gian vui vẻ
E.g: We had a whale of a time at the party last night.
4. Chủ đề Health - Sức khoẻ
- Ill at ease: cảm thấy lo lắng và không thoải mái
E.g: She looked ill at ease when she had to do public speaking.
- Breathe one's last: trút hơi thở cuối cùng
E.g: My uncle always desired to find his lost son before he breathed his last.
- Catch a cold: bị cảm
E.g: ‘What’s the matter with Harry?’ ‘He caught a cold after the summer camp.’
- Fall ill: bị ốm
E.g: The students all fell ill after trying the new drink at the summer camp.
- At death's door: rất ốm và gần như sắp qua đời
E.g: My grandpa was so ill. The doctor said he was at death’s door.
- Nothing but skin and bones: ám chỉ rất gầy, da bọc xương
E.g: The kids there have nothing to eat. They’re nothing but skin and bones.
- Safe and sound: bình yên vô sự
E.g: Make sure everyone is safe and sound after the earthquake.
- Get/have/give someone a black eye: bị ai đánh thâm tím mặt mày; danh tiếng bị huỷ hoải
E.g: Although he won the fight, he got a black eye.
- Recharge one's batteries: hồi phục năng lượng, thư giãn
E.g: Don’t work too hard. Let’s go to the beach and recharge our batteries.
- Under the weather: không được khoẻ trong người
E.g: John had a day off from work today because he felt under the weather.
- You are what you eat: ám chỉ sức khoẻ có liên quan đến đồ mình ăn hàng ngày, ý khuyên nên ăn uống lành mạnh
E.g: ‘Mom, can I have some more fried chicken, please?’ ‘That’s enough, sweetie. You are what you eat.’
- As pale as a ghost: mặt trắng bệch
E.g: The little girl was as pale as a ghost when she saw the giant monster on the screen.
5. Chủ đề Travel
- Off the beaten track: A place or route that is far away from where many people live.
E.g: The explorers have just found a village off the beaten track.
- Make your way back: To try to return to your point of origin.
E.g: The little boy got lost but finally made his way back home safe and sound.
- Hustle and bustle: To have many activities, used to describe a crowded and modern place.
E.g: I moved to a rural area because the hustle and bustle of big cities does not suit me.
- Live out of a suitcase: To stay in several places for only a short time, with only enough belongings to put in a suitcase.
E.g: It’s time you settled down, Eric. Don’t live out of a suitcase any longer.
- Travel broadens the mind: To know more about the world, understand more about culture and have more life experience.
E.g: I like traveling because travel broadens the mind.
- Hit the road: To leave or start a journey.
E.g: Let’s hit the road now. It’s 8 a.m. already.
- Break the journey: To stop somewhere for a while during a long journey.
E.g: After three days of walking in the forest, we broke the journey at a small village by the river.
- Have/get/give [someone] itchy feet: To want to travel or to do something new.
E.g: I didn’t like living in Texas. I started getting itchy feet.
Thirst for adventure: To have an intense desire to travel, explore new places and have new experiences.
E.g: She has a thirst for adventure. She just can’t stop traveling.
6. Idioms about Work
- Get your feet under the table: To become familiar and more confident in a new job.
E.g: It’s my first week at the new company. I haven’t gotten my feet under the table.
- Go the extra mile: To put more effort than expected into achieving something.
E.g: Julie always goes the extra mile to make her mom happy.
- Put one’s feet up: To relax and rest, especially with your feet raised off the ground.
E.g: Don’t work too hard. Go home and put your feet up.
- Be in someone's good (or bad) books: To have done something that has made someone happy (or angry).
E.g: All students want to be in the teacher’s good book.
- Give someone the sack: To fire someone from a job.
E.g: His work has been getting worse and worse. It’s time to give him the sack.
- Call it a day: To end your work for the day and go home.
E.g: 'We worked so hard today. Let’s call it a day before 6 p.m.'
- Work like a dog: To work very hard.
E.g: After graduating, I worked like a dog just to get promoted.
- All in a day's work: To refer to your normal tasks, used to show that you have no difficulties or are willing to do something because it’s part of your daily job.
E.g: She can cook for 40 people in just 2 hours. For her, cooking is all in a day’s work.
- Work one’s fingers to the bone: To work extremely hard, especially on manual work.
E.g: Women have to work their fingers to the bone outside the house, then do all the housework when they come back home.
7. Idioms about Friendship
- Lend your money. Lose your friend.
E.g: You shouldn’t lend your friend money because it may create issues.
You’ll have to bother your friend to repay the loan, or your friend may never repay the loan. Both can make your friendship worse.
- A friend in need is a friend indeed: A true friend is always willing to help, especially during troubles or difficult situations.
E.g: She stayed by me when I was depressed about my parents’ divorce, which made me believe that “a friend in need is a friend indeed.”
- See eye to eye with someone: To have the same views about something, to completely agree with someone.
E.g: They’re such a perfect couple. They see eye to eye on most things.
- Get on like a house on fire: To like each other a lot and become friends very quickly.
E.g: She looked very cold at first but when I talked to her, I realized she was very kind-hearted. After that, we got on like a house on fire.
- Know someone inside out: To know someone or something very well.
E.g: I know him inside out. I understand that he left for a reason.
- Speak the same language: To share the same viewpoints and attitudes toward something.
E.g: We speak the same language about almost everything.
8. Idioms about Dreams
- Beyond your wildest dreams: To be much better than you could imagine.
E.g: My first prize in the beauty pageant last night was beyond my wildest dreams.
- Daydream about someone or something: To have pleasant thoughts and to want these thoughts to happen in real life.
E.g: I can’t believe that I am now the manager of a multinational corporation. I used to daydream about this when I was little.
- In one's dreams: Used to say that something is unlikely to happen.
E.g: Jim will win the contest only in his dreams.
- A dream come true: To achieve what you’ve wished or hoped for after a long time.
E.g: The project succeeded brilliantly. It was a dream come true.
- Keep someone’s feet on the ground: To have a calm, sensible and practical (rather than unrealistic) attitude toward life.
E.g: In spite of her overnight success, she always keeps her feet on the ground.
- Bring someone back down to earth: To make someone suddenly remember reality after an exciting experience, a hopeful dream or an unrealistic plan.
E.g: His startup will not be as easy as it seems. Let’s bring him back down to earth.
- Broken dreams: Hopes or dreams that cannot be fulfilled.
E.g: Studying abroad is always my share of broken dreams.
9. Idioms about Time
- Nine-to-five job: A job that you work during the office hours from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
E.g: A nine-to-five job suits you best if you don’t like traveling and adventure.
- At the eleventh hour: Having something happen very late or at the last possible moment.
E.g: The last point was scored at the eleventh hour. How lucky they are!
- Like clockwork: To happen regularly at a scheduled time.
E.g: Every day at 5 a.m., like clockwork, he goes to the gym. He’s such a healthy man.
- Time flies: Time passes very quickly.
E.g: It’s been seven years since I last saw him. Time flies.
- Better late than never: To do something late is better than to never do it at all.
E.g: ‘His birthday was last week. Would you like to send him something?’ ‘Oh, really? I didn’t know that. I’ll send him a postcard. Better late than never.’
- In the long (short) run: Something will happen over a very long (short) period of time in the future.
E.g: Smoking can harm your health. You may run a great risk of lung cancer in the long run.
- Beat the clock: To get something done before the deadline, to finish something before time is up.
E.g: Hurry up! We can’t be late for this important meeting. We need to beat the clock.
- Make up for lost time: To spend lots of time and effort doing something because you did not have the opportunity to do it before.
E.g: My grandpa didn’t travel a lot when he was young, so he’s determined to make up for lost time.
10. Idioms about Decisions
- Take it or leave it: To either accept or reject something.
E.g: ‘Do you have any other bikes for rent?’ ‘Sorry, that’s the last one in the shop. Take it or leave it.’
- Sit on the fence: To delay or avoid making a decision.
E.g: Moving out and starting an independent life has both pros and cons. She can’t make up her mind. She’s been sitting on the fence for months.
- Take a back seat: To give the power to someone else and take a less important position.
E.g: Why do I always have to take the back seat while he always has the right to make decisions?
- A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush: You should hold on tightly to something you already have rather than risk losing it by trying to get something better.
E.g: ‘I’m going to break up with Eric and start dating Alex.’ ‘Are you crazy? You have no idea what Alex is like. Remember, a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.’
- My way or the highway: People have to do what you ask. Otherwise, they will have to leave or not participate.
E.g: He has only one rule for his team: It’s my way or the highway.
- Weigh the pros and cons: To consider carefully the advantages and disadvantages before making a decision.
E.g: Having weighed all the pros and cons, she decided to break up with him.
11. Common Idioms on Various Topics
- To Sleep On It: To have more time to think about something before making a decision
E.g: She must sleep on it before making a final decision.
- Know Someone Like The Back Of Your Hand: to be very familiar with something; when you have learned something by heart
E.g: I know Shakespeare’s poems like the back of my hand.
You should know the periodic table like the back of your hand because it will be on the test tomorrow.
- As Easy As Pie/ A Piece Of Cake: something that is very easy to do or learn.
E.g: This math problem is as easy as pie.
- Take It Easy: just do things step by step; relax or calm down.
E.g: It was just a misunderstanding; take it easy and let it go.
- To Get The Ball Rolling: to start things; to have something up and running.
E.g: Lunch break is over; let’s get the ball rolling again.
- Twenty-Four/Seven (24/7) : always available; available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
E.g: 7-Eleven is a twenty-four seven convenience store.
I’m available 24/7, so you can call me anytime.
- Once And For All: to do something now and never again .
E.g: Pay for this service once and for all.
Get vaccinated once and for all to cure this disease.
- To Make The Best Of: to find positive aspects in a bad situation.
E.g: Stop complaining and just make the best of the free trip.
She is the most positive person I’ve ever known, she can make the best of even in the worst situations.
- Day in and day out (also: day after day; for longer periods of time, year in and year out, year after year): To do the same thing every day for a long period of time.
E.g: He has been taking care of his paralyzed mother day after day for ten years.
- To Keep One's Word: to honor a promise; to do what one said .
E.g: Don’t make a promise if you can’t keep your words.
- To Give (Someone) A Hand: to help someone do something.
E.g: I’m cleaning my house tomorrow. Can you give me a hand?
Can I give you a hand with anything?
- To Be In (Someone's) Shoes: to try to understand what it’s like to be in someone’s position/ situation.
E.g: If you were in my shoes, you would understand my situation better.
- None Of Your Business: when something is private and you should not know or ask about.
E.g: Stop asking about my personal issues, it’s none of your business.
Trên đây là tổng hợp những idioms hay, các bạn cùng tham khảo và ứng dụng nhé!
Ngoài ra, còn tổng hợp 120 idioms hay cho IELTS, các bạn cùng click tải về nha: TỔNG HỢP 120 THÀNH NGỮ (IDIOMS) QUEN THUỘC