Chủ đề từ vựng hôm nay chúng ta cùng tìm hiểu là về Traffic - Giao thông. Chủ đề này khá rộng không chỉ nói về tình trạng giao thông, đường phố mà còn là phương tiện, hoạt động....khác nhau. Hãy cùng thực hành và mở rộng vốn từ nhé.

IELTS Vocabulary Traffic

Từ vựng phổ biến

Word

Form

Phonetics

Meaning

Pedestrian

N

/pəˈdestriən/

Người đi bộ

Intersection

N

/ˈɪntərsekʃn/

Ngã tư

Passenger

N

/ˈpæsɪndʒər/

Hành khách

Passport

N

/ˈpæspɔːrt/

Hộ chiếu

Boarding pass

N

/ˈbɔːrdɪŋ pæs/

Thẻ lên máy bay

Underground

N

/ˌʌndərˈɡraʊnd/

Tàu điện ngầm

Station

N

/ˈsteɪʃn/

Trạm, điểm dừng

Flight 

N

/flaɪt/

Chuyến bay

Từ vựng phương tiện

Word

Form

Phonetics

Meaning

Van

N

/væn/

Xe van

Train

N

/treɪn/

Xe lửa

Ship

N

/ʃɪp/

Tàu thủy

Plane

N

/pleɪn/

Máy bay

Boat

N

/bəʊt/

Thuyền

Bài luyện tập, chắt lọc từ vựng

Thông qua một số bài tập dưới đây, cả nhà cùng thực hành và chắt lọc các từ vựng hay nhé. Từ việc luyện tập, lọc ra từ vựng vừa giúp rèn luyện kỹ năng vừa nhớ từ dễ hơn. Đây là một phần chiến thuật trong RIPL với tính chắt lọc và thực hành tối đa. 

Exercise 2. Match the words with meanings

Word

Meaning

1. traffic jam

a. the white stripes at intersections where pedestrians cross the road

2. speed limit

b. the place is extremely crowded and blocked with traffic or people.

3. parking space

c. a place where you can park a single car

4. bumper to bumper

d. a long line of vehicles that cannot move forward because there is too much traffic, or because the road is blocked by something

5. get behind the wheel

e. the vehicles are so close to one another that they are almost touching and are moving very slowly.

6. the end of the road

f. to sit in the driver's seat

7. zebra crossing

g. the fastest speed that you are allowed to drive on a road

8. congestion

h. a process or person is unable to progress any further.

Exercise 3. Fill the gap while you listen to the text below. (Track 1)

Richard Ryan is stuck in traffic. There must be (1) …….……………….. somewhere up ahead because he’s been sitting in the same spot for the last few minutes. The cars aren’t moving at all. It looks like it’s going to be another slow commute.

Even though he left his house early to beat (2) …….…………………., if the cars don’t start to move soon, Richard will be late for a very important meeting. He has to meet some lawyers who are advising his company on a construction project. Richard is the president of a big company. If he’s late, he won’t get in trouble, but he hates to be late for anything.

Sergey is stuck in the same (3) …………………….. and he’s headed to the same meeting that Richard is going to. He’s worried about being late, so he gets out his cell phone and calls one of his coworkers to tell her that traffic is bad. Sergey doesn’t know that his boss, Richard, is in the same traffic jam. If he knew that, he wouldn’t be so tense. Sergey has a reputation for being late to work. He always blames it on the traffic. Everyone tells him he has to leave his house earlier to beat the rush. Sergey likes to (4) …………………………. at night, so it’s not easy for him to wake up early.

Both Richard and Sergey live in California where traffic congestion and delays are common problems. Richard is thinking about moving his business to a (5) …………………that’s closer to the downtown business district where most of his employees live. If he did that, Sergey could ride his bike to work and forget about getting stuck in a traffic jam.

Exercise 4. Read the text below and answer the following questions:

Air Pollution

India's growing obsession with vehicles and failure to develop roads has increased air pollution in most cities, the country's pollution watchdog has revealed. In the past two decades, the carrying capacity of roads increased by less than 2.5 percent whereas the number of vehicles grew at an annual rate of over 10 percent. In 2008, in India, 12 million vehicles were plying on the 3.5 million km road network.

For people, its visible impact is the increased congestion on roads but what one didn't see was the higher air pollution. "Vehicles in major cities estimated to account for 70 percent of carbon monoxide, 50 percent of hydrocarbons and 30 percent of suspended particulate matter of the total pollution load of these cities," the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) said in its report on Wednesday. Four metros and cities such as Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kanpur are among the worst affected.

The report said that the high concentration of pollutants like carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons cause lung cancer and asthma, besides routine breathing problems. The sudden jump in air pollution is a recent phenomenon, with the CPCB finding that half of the two-wheelers and cars running on Indian roads have been registered in the last five to seven years. The growth phenomenon in case of heavy vehicles has been less impressive.

The new vehicles, however, are not the sole cause of air pollution. The CPCB said that vehicles older than 10 years caused 60 percent of vehicular air pollution. And the reason is poor maintenance and no norms in India for the expiry of a vehicle, especially private ones. Adulteration of fuel has been stated as another reason for high vehicular pollution.

So far, ironically, because of a lower level of income thresholds, the Indian market has favored small cars and two-wheelers. As small engines use less fuel, the average fleet-wide fuel consumption is expected to be low. But already, with rising income levels, there is a steady shift towards bigger cars that use more fuel. Taking their place are biker cars in compact, mid-size and high-end segments. Therefore, standards can make a significant difference in India.

1. What is the major cause of air pollution in India?

…………………………………

2. What has increased more than the carrying capacity of the roads?

…………………………………

3. What causes lung cancer and asthma?

…………………………………

4. Why do Indians favor small cars and two-wheelers?

…………………………………

Exam focus

Exercise 1. Listen to the conversation and choose True or False (Track 2)

Sentences

True

False

1. The Bristol train is at 20.12.

 

 

2. First class is at the back of the train.

 

 

3. Passengers for Oxford are delayed by 8 minutes.

 

 

4. The Paris flight is EV318.

 

 

5. People in the front of the train carriage can get out easily at Liverpool Street.

 

 

6. The back doors won't open.

 

 

7. Liverpool Street has lots of other underground lines.

 

 

8. Redbridge is the last stop.

 

 

Exercise 2. Listen and fill in the blank (Track 3)

Someone really should do something about the traffic. It’s terrible. It’s getting (1) ……………….….. every day. There are so many cars on the roads these days. It’s a nightmare driving in the city. Bumper to bumper even at midnight. I don’t know where all this traffic came from. You turn on the radio and the traffic report is all about (2) ……………………. here, snarl-ups and gridlocks there. The answer must be to get better (3) ……..……………... Let people take the train or bus. People need to leave their cars at home. The roads are too dangerous. And then there’s the (4) ……………………. It’s disgusting outside sometimes. You feel like you’re breathing pure fumes. We need to get rid of these (5) ……...…………….. so we can move and breathe more easily.

Exercise 3. Divide the passages below into two groups: ‘good things about cycling’ and ‘bad things about cycling.

1. Look how cars have taken over our cities. The poisonous fumes, the aggressive speed of these machines endangering our lives, the traffic jams.

2. Cycling in the rain is not many people’s idea of a good time. You get wet, dirty, and cold. Not a good way to go anywhere!

3. A bicycle is easily stolen. Even with the best lock, the risk of losing a bike is still possible.

4. It is hard to know what makes cycling so enjoyable. Maybe the combination of fresh air, the smooth motion and the exercise. Anyway, you soon realise why people get obsessed!

5. Sadly, many people don’t cycle because it’s dangerous. Outside Amsterdam or Copenhagen, road systems often aren’t designed with cyclists in mind. Car drivers go too fast, or aren’t properly trained how to share the roads with cyclists.

6. If you ride a bicycle you don’t use petrol or other fossil fuels, so you are not emitting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and contributing to climate change. Ride on!

7. We all know cycling is great exercise. As one doctor told me, in his experience, the longest living people are ballroom dancers and cyclists.

8. Cyclists are exposed to the pollution from all the cars, buses and lorries on the road, and this can take the pleasure out of cycling.

9. Not all cities have cycling facilities like cycle paths and secure bicycle parking. This can make life very difficult for cyclists.

10. On a bicycle you don’t get stuck in traffic jams. Much of the time a bicycle is a much quicker way to cross a city than almost all other forms of transport.

 

Good things about cycling

Bad things about cycling

 

…………………………………………………………….

 

…………………………………………………………….

Đáp án:

Exercise 2. Match the words with meanings

1-d

2-g

3-c

4-e

5-f

6-h

7-a

8-b

Exercise 3. Fill the gap while you listen to the text below. (Track 1)

1. an accident

2. the traffic

3. traffic jam

4. stay out late

5. new location

 Exercise 4. Read the text below and answer the following questions:

1. The major cause of air pollution in India is growing an obsession with vehicles and failure to develop roads.

2. The number of vehicles, growing at the rate of over than the carrying capacity of the roads.

3. Pollutants like carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons

4. Indians favor small cars and two-wheelers because also because their small engines use less fuel.

Exam focus

Exercise 1. Listen to the conversation and choose True or False (Track 2)

Sentences

True

False

1. The Bristol train is at 20.12.

 

X

2. First class is at the back of the train.

X

 

3. Passengers for Oxford are delayed by 8 minutes.

X

 

4. The Paris flight is EV318.

 

X

5. People in the front of the train carriage can get out easily at Liverpool Street.

 

X

6. The back doors won't open.

 

X

7. Liverpool Street has lots of other underground lines.

X

 

8. Redbridge is the last stop.

X

 

Transcript

A

The next train to arrive at Platform 2 is the 12.20 to Bristol Temple Meads, calling at Reading,

Oxford and Bristol Parkway. Platform 2 for the 12.20 to Bristol. First class is in the rear carriage.

B

This is a platform announcement for passengers for the 12.20 service to Bristol Temple Meads. This train is delayed by approximately 8 minutes. The train will now depart from Platform 9. Passengers for the 12.20 train to Bristol, please make your way to Platform 9.

C

Passengers for Flight EB380 to Paris please make your way to Gate 13 for boarding. Gate 13 for flight EB380 to Paris. Please have your passports and boarding passes ready. Your flight is ready to board.

D

This is a London Underground service to Liverpool Street. The next station is Liverpool Street.

Upon arrival, the first set of doors will not open. Customers in the first carriage, please move

towards the rear doors to leave the train. The next station is Liverpool Street. Change here for Central Line, Circle Line, Hammersmith & City Line and Metropolitan Line and Main Line Suburban rail services. Please mind the gap between the train and the platform. This train terminates at Redbridge.

Exercise 2. Listen and fill in the blank (Track 3)

1. worse

2. congestion

3. public transport

4. pollution

5. traffic jams

Exercise 3. Divide the passages below into two groups: ‘good things about cycling’ and ‘bad things about cycling.

good things about cycling

bad things about cycling

1

4

6

7

10

2

3

5

8

9

Các bạn tham khảo cùng học nhé!